Misappropriation

In 1941, Budd Schulberg '36 published his first novel: What Makes Sammy Run? As a child of the studios (his father had been head of Paramount), and a frustrated screenwriter, he unleashed a torrent of criticism on Hollywood in his novel about the rise of Sammy Glick. The novel became a bestseller in the United States and has often been pointed to as the great American novel about Hollywood.

Schulberg knew he was taking a risk when he published the novel. It was destined to offend many of the most powerful people in Hollywood. But he did not anticipate that the novel would become fodder for the Nazi propaganda machine. Sammy Glick, the novel's offensive, back-stabbing anti-hero, was Jewish. The Nazis picked up the story and produced a translation edited to highlight the offenses of Jews in Hollywood and portray Sammy as the quintessential American Jew. Then they published it serially in the popular Berliner Illustriere Zeitung where Schulberg's words were turned against the Jewish people.

Ironically, Budd and his brother Stuart were later employed by the U.S. military to splice together film footage to be used against Nazi war criminals in Nuremberg. Their work was made particularly effective by their juxtaposition of Nazi propaganda with scenes of atrocities. For Schulberg, the appropriation of Nazi propaganda must have been a particularly sweet form of personal revenge.

To see how Sammy looked in 1942 Berlin, ask for MS-978, Box 6, Folder 4. And, as a reminder, our current exhibition, Budd Schulberg and the Scripting of Social Change, runs through January 30, 2015 in the Class of 1965 Galleries. And, for more on Schulberg, see these postings from August 9, 2011 and November 4, 2014.

Library Staff Hosts Annual Craft Fair

Plan to jump-start some fabulous holiday shopping at the upcoming 23rd annual Dartmouth College Library Staff Association (DCLSA) craft fair this Friday, Nov. 21 from 10:00 am-4:00 pm in Alumni Hall at the Hopkins Center. DCLSA Craft FairOver forty talented vendors from the College and around New England will be selling fine hand-crafted goods, ranging from jewelry to fiber arts to handmade wooden items to pottery, clothing, and more. This event links us with our community and supports many DCLSA programs. Greg Potter, Research and Information Desk Coordinator at Baker-Berry Library, has been chairperson of the crafts fair committee for two years. This year, he’s focused on cost reduction strategies and increasing amounts donated to funding the association’s programs.

Barb Krieger, Archives Supervisor at Rauner Library, has been a devoted supporter of the fair for many years and serves on the committee as well as being a valued jewelry vendor. Vendors pay a minimum of $25 to participate when they sign up and give 15% of sales back to the library association. “Many increase that amount to give to our organization,” Greg said.

Baked goods are also for sale at the craft fair.

Baked goods are also for sale at the craft fair.

Michelle Lee, Resource Sharing Supervisor, has supported the event. She’s purchased earrings, cute toy mice and baked goods. She has contributed baked goods to the fair as well.

We hope to see you at the craft fair this Friday!

In the Best Interest of the College

25 years ago, on November 13th, 1989, the Board of Trustees announced the College’s intention to completely divest the endowment from companies operating in South Africa. This decision was the culmination of almost 20 years of protests and discussion between students, administrators, and community members regarding the propriety of the College’s involvement with companies that were complicit in apartheid.

The 1970s and 1980s saw divestment movements arise at many colleges and other institutions in the midst of the public outcry over South Africa’s apartheid system. The College’s first action regarding the divestment question occurred in 1972, when the Trustees voted to form the Advisory Committee for Investor Responsibility, tasked with overseeing the ethical use of Dartmouth’s endowment. In 1977, Rev. Leon Sullivan issued a set of six principles of business ethics for companies operating in South Africa in order to maintain their American backers. Dartmouth and many of its peer institutions pressured the companies in which they had investments to sign on to the principles. However, by the mid-1980s the principles were considered too moderate and many organizations began to consider complete divestment.

The debate over apartheid and divestment at Dartmouth included several highly controversial protests and demonstrations. For example, in 1986, 13 students occupied Baker Tower and only came down after they were promised a meeting with the Board of Trustees to discuss the possibility of divestment. The most well-known protest by far, however, concerned several shanties built on the Green in late 1985 to protest the human rights violations of apartheid and the College’s refusal to divest. Students began living in the shanties and refused to leave despite the cold weather and the administration’s disapproval, but during the night of January 21st, 1986, a group of writers from The Dartmouth Review secretly gathered on the Green and destroyed the shanties with sledgehammers. The next day, nearly 200 outraged students occupied Parkhurst and the President’s Office to protest the attack, while more students rallied outside. President McLaughlin responded by suspending the students who had destroyed the shanties and canceling classes for one day to hold a teach-in exploring racism and prejudice at Dartmouth. While the protests quieted somewhat in the following years, groups such as the Dartmouth Community for Divestment, the Afro-American Society, and the Upper Valley Committee for a Free South Africa continued to pressure the Board of Trustees to divest until 1989, when they finally agreed to do so after a group of protesters stormed a meeting of the Trustees and called for an impromptu vote. The College continued to refrain from investments in South Africa until 1994, when it chose to end the policy following the overthrow of apartheid.

To learn more about Dartmouth’s divestment movement, check out the display case in Rauner's reading room, just to the right of the doors. Sources for the exhibit are the Records of the Advisory Committee on Investor Responsibility (DA-328), the Papers of George Bourozikas (DO-55), and archives files on student protests.

Posted for Hillary Purcell '14.

GIS Day 2014

GISDay_logo

Wednesday is GIS Day. It’s the one day of the year that GIS, geographic information systems, is front and center. But wait a minute. That really isn’t true. Every time you look for an address, get directions, allow your current location to be used for an app or want to find the nearest store, you use GIS. It’s all working behind the scenes in your favorite app, but it is there.

A geographic information system lets you store, organize, manipulate and analyze data that has a geographic component. Do you have a list of addresses you want to map?  GIS software lets you do that. Do you have census data by block group and you want to see to which groups your addresses belong? You can do that in GIS software. It lets you ask questions about your data and store the answers.  And best of all, you can make maps. That’s my favorite part of the software!

Thanksgiving2014_smallChristmas2014_small

New_England_smallCriminalMinds_small

These are maps I created using the ArcGIS software. The first 2 are just in time for Thanksgiving and Christmas. The third map answers a frequent question we get in the Evans Map Room. The last map I made just because I like combining television and maps together.

Here is a map of different GIS Day events.

If you would like to see the maps in a larger format, you can visit the Berry Library Brickway across from the Baker-Berry circulation desk.

Geography Awareness Week

Dynamic lead STACKED_no date

On Sunday, Geography Awareness Week began. The National Geographic Society sponsors this week to make everyone aware how all of our decisions have a geographic or geo-spatial component. Each year’s week has a specific theme. This year’s theme is “The Future of Food.” Parts of the world have an overabundance of food while in other parts people eke out a subsistence living. How do we feed a growing world population on less available land? Do you really know where your food comes from? Does food in movies interest you more than the plot? You can click here to see to different activities and writings which incorporate food.

Remember, geography is at work in your lives every day.

Math at Pixar

One of my favorite short films is Geri’s Game. I still watch it from time to time on my DVD copy of A Bug’s Life and marvel at the animation and delightful story. When my colleague forwarded this Mental Floss article (Talking Math at Pixar), I couldn’t resist sharing. Numberphile interviewed Tony DeRose about the mathematics used in Pixar animations and Geri was where it all started. It’s quite math heavy but nothing we can’t handle!

Math and Movies (Animation at Pixar) - Numberphile

In fact, if you’re looking for more math, here’s a summary of a talk he gave for the Mathematical Association of America. Another summary from a talk he gave at MoMath — read the end about software.  Tony also did a math light TED-Ed talk that’s worth a look:

Pixar: The math behind the movies - Tony DeRose

If I’ve piqued your interest, check out some of the following books and DVDs from the Library:

A Daily Diary of the Great War — November 16 & 17, 1917

By John Hale Chipman, Class of 1919

Chipman standing on far left

Chipman standing on far left

“November 16, 1917 and Nov. 17.

Friday and Saturday, we spent in packing up our luggage and walking around the town and saying good bye to our friends and acquaintances. I went up the Groupement Headquarters and shook hands with my friend Captain Emmet who expressed himself as being very fortunate in making friends among us American boys and said that if Frenchmen in general could understand us, all would appreciate more. I will tell you more of Captain Emmet when I see you again.

At our last roll call, 1:30 P. M. Saturday we received orders that we would leave at 4 A. M. Sunday, Nov. 18 and to pack up and be ready. We needed no urging. However, as my luggage was all packed, I walked up to the other side of the town and told René Champsavin, my old friend, good-bye, and I hated to leave him, believe me. He is a good friend. Then I looked around the old town once more, recollecting my first incidents here and there, and laughing the with boys at our smash-ups here and there and so forth. For we were really leaving and will I ever see the place again? If so, it will be changed. My old friends, officers and poilus will either be home or gone from this earth. Anyway, my experiences and souvenirs of one of the most helpful periods of my life will never leave me.

Saturday night we turned in at 8:30 and at 4 A. M., 40 of us, our section, left in two camions  [trucks] with our luggage to take the 7:00 A. M. train from M. N. D. for Paris. We arrived in the Solemn-Gay City at 2 P. M. and went down to the Hôtel des Etâts-Unis on Rue d’Autin. Here we were glad to welcome a normal life once again after spending 5 months in rustic ways, necessitated by war.

And so, our experiences stop here with the French Army.”

Chipman

Chipman

November 16 & 17, 1917

November 16 & 17, 1917

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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To see the actual diary, come to Rauner Special Collections Library in Webster Hall and ask to see MS-1229 during normal hours of operation.

A Daily Diary of the Great War — November 15, 1917

By John Hale Chipman, Class of 1919

Chipman_Nov15_Photo

“November 15, 1917, Thursday, Fair, Cold.

Well, our news came today definitely that we are to be released so we are beginning to pack our things. Orders came today to turn in our yellow identification cards so we turned those in and at the same time received our pay of 2F 50 for 4 weeks work. After supper we gave our last concert at the Y. M. C. A. and here we gathered together in a bunch for the last time.

Rosais, our favorite violinist, gave us selections and Baldy gave us a number of sketches and with several numbers from Busby we were able to while away a few last pleasant hours. At 10:30 we came back to the barracks and piled into our bunks.”

November 15, 1917 (1 of 2)

November 15, 1917
(1 of 2)

November 15, 1917 (2 of 2)

November 15, 1917
(2 of 2)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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To see the actual diary, come to Rauner Special Collections Library in Webster Hall and ask to see MS-1229 during normal hours of operation.

Ciphering Books

Pike's Mathematical text
If you attended a school, college or evening mathematics class during the18th century, you would most likely have used a ciphering book rather than a textbook for your studies. A ciphering book was a manuscript notebook that contained mathematical definitions, rules, examples, problems and exercises. It would have included basic arithmetic, as well as more complex subjects including algebra, geometry, and trigonometry. In addition, a ciphering book often emphasized mercantile subjects such as barter, the calculation of interest and surveying. Copied by students, usually from a teacher's own ciphering book, the notebooks became the student's personal "textbook," to be used in class and also as a reference book later in life.

Ciphering books were always written in ink, often with calligraphy headings and illustrations. However, the quality of the script varied significantly.
Woodward's "System of Plain Trigonometry"
It appears that Bezaleel Woodward, who would become a professor of mathematics and philosophy, as well as Eleazar Wheelock's son in law, took little care with the script in his notebook "A System of Plain Trigonometry," while he was a student at Dartmouth College. In contrast Samuel A. Kimball, who copied John Hubbard's "A System of Spheric Trigonometry," was more careful in the execution of his penmanship.
Hubbard's "System of Spheric Trigonometry"
Another fine example of an 18th century ciphering book is James Pike's untitled volume. Pike was an educator from Somersworth, New Hampshire, who began teaching himself in 1798. The text is divided into chapters with increasing complexity and even has page numbers that are reflected in a contents page. Pike went on to publish two textbooks in his lifetime, The Columbian Orthographer in 1806 and The Little Reader in 1814.

According to a M.A. Clements and Nerida F. Ellerton, mathematics professors at Illinois State University, the use of ciphering books declined after 1840, due to the fact that they were no longer important in evaluating the quality of a student's learning or that of an instructor's teaching. In addition, they argue that state education leaders switched their focus from the individual student to that of a graded class.

To see these ciphering books ask for: MS-1271 (Pike) and Codex 802415.1 (Woodward). Kimball's cipher book is currently being re-cataloged.

A Daily Diary of the Great War — November 14, 1917

By John Hale Chipman, Class of 1919

Chipman_Nov14_Photo

“November 14, 1917. Wednesday, Cold, Damp.

Had breakfast at 8:00 after piling on an overcoat and shoes over my pajamas, for the old bunk was so warm it was hard to leave yet the taste of omellette was strong enough to tempt me to be the last one in line before the call “Gichet fermé.” [counter closed]

In the morning rumors floated about as to our release but I guess in every camp, military especially, they are not much believed, yet we must have something to talk about.

Anyway, we had a roll call after dinner, and were ordered to be at the Y. M. C. A. tent at 8:00 as Captain Mallet would speak to us. Yes, we are to be released. After supper, the boys “moved” down to the tent and I guess about 500 of us were there. All the boys of 133, 526 and 184 reported so when Captain Mallet walked in, we gave him a great hand-clapping–for he is our favorite Captain.

He read his speech in English and tho’ simple in style it was very frank but impressive. He thanked us for our services and stated the experience was one we would forever cherish. True enough! So, before closing, we were given our definite information, we were to leave when he finished. The barracks–tent fairly rocked with our cheers. Then we went back to bed, 10:00!”

November 14, 1917

November 14, 1917

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Previous entry  |   Next entry  |  Go to first entry
To see the actual diary, come to Rauner Special Collections Library in Webster Hall and ask to see MS-1229 during normal hours of operation.