If Men Were Horses…

John Galsworthy was an English novelist and playwright who won the 1932 Nobel Prize in Literature for The Forsyte Saga, a grouping of three novels and two shorter works about an upper-class British family who are from “new money.” The series was published as individual works between 1906 and 1921 and then released as a combined novel in 1922. It has been adapted for television multiple times, most recently in 2002 starring Damian Lewis as Soames Forsyte.

In addition to his fiction, Galsworthy was an avid proponent of animal rights who used his fame as a novelist to attract attention to various campaigns against animal cruelty. Numerous animal rights pamphlets of the early 20th century contained a foreword by Galsworthy before delving into the horrors of animal abuse, as depicted in this photo from Docking and Nicking of Horses. Moreover, Galsworthy himself penned a variety of informational texts protecting all manner of animals, such as Horses in Mines or  Mr. Galsworthy’s Appeal for Dogs.

One of the more arresting concepts that such publications employed was that of reverse anthropomorphism, wherein humans were portrayed as if they were animals being abused. Such representations still retain their emotive power even today, perhaps even more so than at the time of their publication because of the success of such campaigns in changing society’s perception of animals and instilling a moral imperative to treat beasts with compassion and respect.

To see a 1922 first edition of The Forsyte Saga, ask at Rauner for Rare PZ 3 .G139 Fo2. Docking and Nicking of Horses can be retrieved for examination by asking for Rare HV4753 .E5. Finally, for Horses in Mines, look at Rare HV4755 .G3, and for Mr. Galsworthy’s Appeal for Dogs, see Rare HV4746 .G3.

10 Let Uzbekistan

In 1934, Aleksandr Rodchenko turned his considerable talent to the production of a commemoration of ten years of Soviet rule of Uzbekistan. The resulting 10 Let Uzbekistan is a monument to Stalinist pride. In its original edition, Rodchenko’s photographs and designs (including cut outs and acetate overlays) show the prosperity brought on by communism. The original edition bulges with images of bureaucrats.

But the book was followed immediately by one of Stalin’s purges that reshaped the leadership of the region. Our edition or 10 Let Uzbekistan appears to be a subsequent printing because all of the bureaucrats killed and wiped from history have been cleanly excised.

The book is complemented in our collection by Ken Campbell’s Ten Years of Uzbekistan: A Commoration (London: Ken Campbell, 1994). Campbell photographed Rodchenko’s personal copy of the original printing in which Rodchenko had blackened out the faces of those purged. Campbell then printed the images with thick layers of ink making them heavy with the weight of history. In his hands the commemoration is not a celebration, but a somber exploration of oppression.

You can see them both by asking for Rare DK941.5 .D47 1934 and Presses C155cat.

New Exhibit: Discovering Retirement through the Digital Camera Lens II

ImageLongtime Chester resident Lew Watters is exhibiting a series of photographs at Dartmouth College, Kresge Physical Sciences Library, 6115 Fairchild Hall, Hanover, NH 03755 during the months of February and March.  The free exhibit, open during regular library hours, focuses on his rediscovered joy of photographing life in Chester, travel in the southwest, nature and wildlife, celebrating family, photography classes at Saint-Gaudens NHS, and capturing the art of handcrafted dolls made by his wife Bonnie.

In his retirement Mr. Watters began more serious photography with the gift of a digital SLR camera and the creation of a light studio in order to faithfully capture the extraordinary dolls made by his wife Bonnie. Yearly visits to the southwest for winter vacations opened the vast horizons of the Colorado Plateau, tagging along with daughters Kate and Kelly, shooting macro images of exotic dessert plants, long-range telephoto shots of wildlife, and farmers markets in bustling Tucson. Back home in Vermont and his beloved hometown, the endless scenes of the changing seasons, the family gardens and pets, his historic Stone Village neighborhood, all continue to capture his interest and visual interpretation.

Work experience in a HS computer classroom and his Park Ranger years at Saint-Gaudens National Historic site fueled his passion for mastering digital photo editing using Adobe Photoshop. Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site in Cornish, NH is the perfect place to control natural light whether shooting formal flower gardens, or the subtle nuances of bronze and plaster sculptures of civil war heroes inside a meticulously preserved art studio. The Colorado Plateau in the southwest provides a dramatic contrast in subject, climate, geography, and light.

After formal education and college in Colorado, Mr. Watters served in the US Navy during the Vietnam War stationed on an amphibious ship home-ported in Yoksuka, Japan. Equipped with his Nikon F he could be seen photographing Marines landing ashore, or the temples, shrines and gardens in the ancient capital of Kyoto.

Photo by Lew Watters: abandoned truck #0048 in Paria Canyon, AZ

For Further Information Contact:

Lew Watters





Young George Washington

Happy Birthday, George. To celebrate, we have trotted out some memories of your youth. We know you really didn’t chop down a cherry tree, but you must remember the day, when you were a lad of 13, working out this mathematical equation. Your handwriting was beautiful!

Then, at 18, working as a surveyor, you plotted out 240 acres in a “Tract of Waste” where the Cacapon and the Potomac meet, bounded, as you put it, by “2 hickorys and a Spanish Oak.”

Who knew then that you’d become a general and the President? Or, that people would save locks of your hair as relics? We have plenty of manuscripts from those days as well, but we will save them for another birthday (including your letter to the Dartmouth Trustees).

Ask for MS-1033 to see the rest of our George Washington Collection.

The Dartmouth Medal

The 40th Dartmouth Medal was awarded by the American Library Association on January 26 to Mammals of Africa, a six-volume magnum opus that describes in detail every land mammal on the continent. Since 1974, the Dartmouth Medal has been awarded annually (except on two occasions) to the most significant reference book published that year. Past recipients have included Encyclopedia of Human Rights (2010), Women in World History (2001), Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (1990), and International Encyclopedia of Psychiatry, Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Neurology (1978). This scholarly acknowledgement is better known in the academic and library communities than among the general public. The authors are honored, and their publishers use the award to help market and promote books that appeal to a more limited market, mainly libraries and scholars.

The Dartmouth Medal was the idea of Dartmouth’s Dean of Libraries, Edward Connery Lathem (1926-2009) who was a member of the library staff from 1952 through 1978.  In 1973, Lathem proposed that Dartmouth establish “a national award ‘to honor achievement in creating reference works outstanding in both quality and significance.'” The Trustees authorized the award that year, which also marked the 200th anniversary of the appointment of Dartmouth’s first Librarian. Ninety-year-old Rudolph Ruzicka (1883-1978) who was then living in Norwich, Vermont, was commissioned to design the medal.  Born in Bohemia (now the Czech Republic), Ruzicka immigrated to Chicago in 1893, studied at the Hull House School and the Art Institute of Chicago, and then moved to New York for further study. Ruzicka was renowned as an accomplished illustrator, printmaker, and book, medal, and typeface designer.

Instead of the more conventional circular medal design, Ruzicka chose an oval shape having a flattened the top and bottom for the Dartmouth Medal. The resulting edge allows it to be stood upright for display unlike a circular form.  On the obverse, Ruzicka placed the profile of Athena, the warrior-goddess of the arts.  Wearing a battle helmet, Athena is surrounded by olive branches that acknowledge her gift of olives to Greece.  Although the olives create an appealing, stylized backdrop, Ruzicka acknowledged that olives don’t grow that way.  However, “I did find a Greek vase with just such treatment,” he said, “so I had a precedent, you see.” The pine sprig at the bottom, an ancient symbol of creativity, can also be seen as a reference to the place where the medal originated.

For the reverse, Ruzicka created a border by adding an interior oval that echoes the shape of the medal.  The American Library Association is linked to the award in the border.  For the primary design, Ruzicka eliminated an image in favor of text identifying the characteristics of a book for which the Dartmouth medal is awarded.  A designer of typefaces and a graphic artist, Ruzicka understood that a clear, elegant typeface that expresses a noble idea was as effective as an image. Having spent a lifetime exploring the appearance of things and words, Ruzicka’s design for the Dartmouth Medal combines both with clarity and beauty.

To see Rudolph Ruzicka’s original drawings for the Dartmouth Medal, ask for D.C. History Iconog 201.

Posted for Richard Miller



Check out this new web app! It’s called AstroTRENDS, created by Stefano Meschiari. Here’s an excerpt from his blog about the motivation behind it:

AstroTRENDS shows how popular specific astronomic topics are in the literature throughout the years. For instance, you could track the popularity of Dark Energy vs. Dark Matter; or the rise of exoplanetary-themed papers since the discovery of the first exoplanets in 1992. As an example, check out this post I wrote about whether the astronomical community has settled on the “extrasolar planet” or “exoplanet” monicker.

You can normalize keywords with respect to one another, or the total article count, to track relative trends in popularity (say, the growth of “Transits” papers compared to “Radial Velocity” papers). Finally, you can click on a specific point to see all the papers containing the keyword from that year (maybe that spike in a keyword is connected to a discovery, a new theory or the launch of a satellite?).

Read more about it here!

What do you think of this keyword comparison between AGN, Dark Energy, and Inflation?

Special thanks to Chris Erdmann at Harvard CfA for sharing!

Filed under: Astronomy, For Fun, Publishing

Digital Production Unit Update

Here is a sample of some of the projects that the Library Digital Production Unit has been working on in recent days.

Dartmouth College Photographic Files:

This long term, ongoing project digitizes a large collection of photographs from the Rauner Special Collections Library. To date we have scanned approximately 17,000 photographs. The physical collection is currently housed in file cabinets in Rauner and is a “diverse collection of approximately 80,000 photographs related to Dartmouth College, Hanover and the surrounding area. Images date from the early years of photography (ca. 1850s) to the present and include images of nearly all aspects of Dartmouth College life“.

Dartmouth Winter Carnival Posters

A collection of 91 Dartmouth Winter Carnival Postersdating back to 1911 when the Carnival began. New posters are added to the collection as they are available in the Rauner Special Collections Library. Recently we scanned the posters from 2009 to 2013 on our new reprographic system.

Manuscripts Relating to Samson Occom and Eleazar 

Wheelock’s Early Indian Students

The letters and other writings of Samson Occom, an important figure in the founding of Dartmouth College. “The manuscripts, circa 1743-1794, document Occom’s early student life under Wheelock’s tutelage, his life as a minister at Montauk and Mohegan, his trip to England to raise money for what would become Dartmouth College, as well as personal reflections on his life as an educated Indian in Colonial America.” This project is nearing completion. Most of our recent work involves correcting problems with the scanned images when they are discovered.

Sino Viet Ritual Texts

These three unique manuscripts of Buddhist-Taoist rituals in classical Chinese and Vietnamese Nom date back to 1924. They contain practical Buddhist-Taoist rituals on death, healing and natural disasters. We have completed scanning these manuscripts and we are in a post-production phase in preparation for them to be uploaded to the Dartmouth Digital Collections website. 

Digital Transitions DT RG3040 Reprographic System

In December the Dartmouth Digital Program purchased a highend reprographic system housed in the Digital Production Unit. The system includes a large copy stand, a custom made camera with a Phase One digital back, a lighting system and few other bells and whistles. To date we have used the camera to photograph Dartmouth Winter Carnival Posters from the last five years. And we are in the process of incorporating the system into out Photo Files and Dartmouth Dissertations workflows. 
To see all of our digital collection visit: Dartmouth Digital Collections at http://www.dartmouth.edu/~library/digital/collections/index.html

by William B. Ghezzi

Deliriously Yours

Happy Valentine’s Day!  Here is the date you do NOT want. This is Ann (Washington: U.S. War Department, 1943) was authored by Capt. Munro Leaf and illustrated by Capt. Theodor Seuss Geisel, both serving in the armed forces. Leaf was already gaining fame for his classic children’s book Ferdinand, the story of a sweet and peaceful, flower loving bull forced into the bullfighting ring. Geisel, you know. By that time he had published Mulberry Street, but was probably still better known for his Flit insect repellent advertisements.

In a letter to Dartmouth’s Harold Rugg from 1943, Geisel writes that “as an old Flit salesman, I find that I am of occasional use in doing semi-educational propaganda against the mosquito.” He did the illustrations “between sessions on the rifle range and sessions in the Army motion picture studios” in Hollywood. Told as a mock venereal disease cautionary tale, the story portrays the exploits of the malaria spreading Ann, a loose mosquito who “really gets around.”

We have a collection of Geisel’s original art (or “alleged art” as he says in the letter to Rugg). You can see the book and the letter by asking for Alumni G277thi. The original art is in MS-1100, Box 9.

Web of Science Now Includes Conference Proceedings

Web of ScienceGood news!  The Library’s subscription to Web of Science now includes access to its Conference Proceedings Indexes, both the Science and the Social Science  & Humanities sections.  The CPI includes the published literature of the most significant conferences, symposia, seminars, colloquia, workshops, and conventions in a wide range of disciplines, from 1990 to the present.WoSCPIRecord

These files are part of our Web o’ Science “Core Collection,” meaning they are automatically searched whenever you search WoS, – no need to do anything extra.

For Extra Credit:

Web of Science – New Interface (Biomedical Libraries Blog, January 15, 2014)

Fishing with Hemingway?

Ellis O. Briggs ’21 was an American statesman who rose to the highest diplomatic rank possible, that of Career Ambassador. He acted as ambassador to seven countries under the tenure of three US presidents. He began his career in 1925 as vice consul at Lima, Peru, and concluded it as ambassador to Greece in 1962, where his car’s license plate reportedly read “EOB 1921.” Briggs literally traveled the globe in service to his country, representing the United States in the Dominican Republic, Czechoslovakia, Uruguay, and South Korea, among others. He was known as an efficient and capable administrator who had little patience for “diplomatic bungling and red tape,” as one acquaintance put it.

Still, Briggs wasn’t just all work and no leisure. He was an avid outdoorsman and former president of the Dartmouth Outing Club who enjoyed hunting excursions in Maine with his honorary classmate, Corey Ford, a pastime that Briggs called “a lunatic diversion not for the uninitiated.” However, woodcock were not the only game that Briggs pursued. In 1955, he was appointed ambassador to Peru and soon after met up with Ernest Hemingway, who was staying at the renowned Cabo Blanco Fishing Club during the filming of the motion picture adaptation of The Old Man and the Sea. Hemingway’s postcard, complete with a photo on the front of Papa himself alongside a marlin, supplied Briggs with instructions for how to join him out on the water.

It’s unknown whether Briggs actually went on a fishing expedition during the visit or if he was simply visiting the movie set. Regardless, the close relationship between him and Hemingway is clear. In a presentation copy of The Old Man and the Sea, Hemingway writes of his “old affection” for Briggs (and his wife Lucy), suggesting that the two may have met much earlier, perhaps in Cuba when Briggs was counselor of the embassy there in the 1930s.
To see our inscribed copy of The Old Man and the Sea, and the enclosed photos of Briggs, Hemingway, and marlin, come in and ask for Rare 3515 .E37 O52 1952 copy 4.
To learn more about the life of Ellis O. Briggs, Class of 1921, ask for his alumni file.