High-Frequency Passive Components: a critical challenge for power electronics

Here are the slides from my talk today at G2ELab in Grenoble.

Discussion of modeling winding and core loss, designs for kHz frequencies, designs and challenges for MHz frequencies, and new approaches to passive components for MHz frequencies.  It includes a list of several dozen references at the end, and many of the slides include references numbers, so this can be a good entry point for finding more information on those topics.

APEC 2017 Core Loss Presentation

At the APEC 2017 magnetics industry session on Tuesday morning, I presented a talk that included:

  • A brief summary of the PSMA/PELS Magnetics Workshop held the Saturday before.
  • A discussion of core geometry and dimensional effects in ferrite cores.
  • A discussion of different approaches to analyzing the effect of waveform shape on core loss.
  • A few tidbits on core and winding modeling.

The slides are available here.

2017 PSMA/PELS Magnetics Workshop Presentations

I gave two presentations at the PSMA 2017 Magnetics Workshop.  Brief summaries and slides are below.

Two-winding electrical core loss test setup.

The first was an introduction to core loss testing, and a survey of basic and advanced methods.  Here are the slides: Survey of Core Loss Test Methods

It includes brief discussions of calorimetric methods and resonant methods.  Calorimetric methods can be tedious, but are valuable as an independent check on other measurements.  Resonant methods can improve accuracy at high-frequencies.

A simple 2:2 foil-winding transformer with current density and flux lines shown. In the top half, these are shown with the two windings excited with the same current, in phase. In the bottom half, they are 180 degrees out of phase. The losses are different by a factor of 4.

The second was a brief overview of magnetics modelling methods, including core and winding losses.  The slides include a list of key references at the end.

As one example of what’s in the presentation, there’s an explanation of why it’s not adequate to model transformer winding loss with two frequency-dependent ac resistance values.  As shown in this figure, the losses depend on the phase between the currents in the two windings, not just on their individual amplitudes.  A model that correctly includes all the interactions between the windings is a resistance matrix.

Methods of finding the resistance matrix are discussed in the presentation and detailed in the references listed at the end.