In Press

Chavez, R.S., Heatherton, T.F., and Wagner, D.D. (in press). Neural population decoding reveals the intrinsic positivity of the self. Cerebral Cortex. {PDF}

Chavez, R.S. & Heatherton, T.F. (in press). Structural integrity of frontostriatal connections predicts longitudinal changes in self-esteem. Social Neuroscience.

Stoeckel, L.W., Birch, L.L., Heatherton, T.F., Mann, T., Hunter, C., Czajkowski, S., Onken, L., Berger, P.K., & Savage, C.R. (in press). Psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation. Obesity.


Chen, P.-H A., Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2017). Structural integrity between executive control and reward regions of the brain predicts body fat percentage in chronic dieters. Cognitive Neuroscience, 8(3), pp. 162-166. {PDF}

Gilbert-Diamond, D., Emond, J.A., Lansigan, R.L., Rapuano, K.M., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Sargent, J.D. (2017). Television food advertisement exposure and FTO rs9939609 genotype in relation to excess consumption in children. Internation Journal of Obesity, 41, pp. 23-29. {PDF}

Lopez, R.B., Chen, P-H. A., Huckins, J.F., Hofmann, W., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2017). A balance of activity in brain control and reward systems predicts self-regulatory outcomes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, pp. 1-7. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsx004. {PDF}

Rapuano, K.M., Zieselman, A.L., Kelley, W.M., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Gilbert-Diamond, D. (2017). Genetic risk for obesity predicts nucleus accumbens size and responsivity to real-world food cues. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 114, pp. 160-165. {PDF}

Stoeckel, L.W., Birch, L.L., Heatherton, T.F., Mann, T., Hunter, C., Czajkowski, S., Onken, L., Berger, P.K., & Savage, C.R. (2017). Psychological and neural contributions to appetite self-regulation. Obesity, 25, S17-S25. {PDF}.


Lopez, R.B., Milyavskaya, M., Hoffmann, W., & Heatherton, T.F. (2016) Motivational and neural correlates of self-control of eating: A combined neuroimaging and experience sampling study in dieting female college students. Appetite, 103, pp. 192-199.

Powers, K.E., Somerville, L.H., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2016).  Striatal associative learning signals are tuned to in-groups. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(9), pp. 1243-1254. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00971. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2016). Individual differences in response of dorsomedial prefrontal cortex predict daily social behavior. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 11(1), pp. 121-136. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2016). The cognitive neuroscience of self-regulatory failure. In K.D. Vohs & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), The Handbook of Self-Regulation, (3rd edition), pp. 211-230. New York: Guilford Press.

Wagner, D.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2016). What can cognitive neuroscience tell us about the mechanism of ego depletion. In E.R. Hirt, J.J. Clarkson, & L. Jia (Eds.), Self-Regulation and Ego Control. pp. 283-302. San Diego: Academic Press.

Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Haxby, J.V., and Heatherton, T.F. (2016). The dorsal medial prefrontal cortex responds preferentially to social interactions during natural viewing. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(26), pp. 6917-6925. {PDF}


Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Multimodal frontostriatal connectivity underlies individual differences in self-esteem. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10(3), pp. 364-370. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsu063. {PDF}

Chavez, R.S., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Representational similarity of social and valence information in the medial pFC. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 27(1), pp. 73-82. doi: 10.1162/jocn_a_00697. {PDF}

Chen, P.-H.A., Whalen, P.J., Freeman, J.B., Taylor, J.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Brain reward activity to masked in-group smiling faces predicts friendship development. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 6(4), 415-421. doi: 10.1177/194855061466093. {PDF}

Chen, P.H.-A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Activity in cortical midline structures is modulated by self-construal changes during acculturation. Culture and Brain, 3(1), pp. 39-52. doi: 10.1007/s40167-015-0026-z {PDF}

Chen, P.-H.A., Heatherton, T.F., & Freeman, J.B. (2015). Brain-as-predictor approach: An alternative way to explore acculturation processes. In J.E. Warnick & D. Landis (Eds.), Neuroscience in Intercultural Contexts, pp. 143-170. New York: Springer. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Lopez, R.B., & Wagner, D.D. (2015). Self-regulation and self-regulation failure. In A. Toga (Ed.), Brain Mapping (Vol. 3), pp. 41-44. London, UK: Elsevier. {PDF}

Kelley, W.M., Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). In search of a human self-regulation system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 38, pp. 389-411. doi: 10.1146/annurev-neuro-071013-014243. {PDF}

Lopez, R.B., Vohs, K.D., Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Self-regulatory strength: Neural mechanisms and implications for training. In H.E. Gendolla, M. Tops, & S.L. Koole (Eds). Handbook of Biobehavioral Approaches to Self-Regulation. Pp. 43-54.  New York: Springer. {PDF}

Lopez, R.B., Wagner, D.D., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). The neuroscience of desire regulation. In W. Hoffman & L.F. Nordgren (Eds). The Psychology of Desire. Pp. 146-160. New York: Guilford Press. {PDF}

Ma, Y., Liu, Y., , Rand, D.G., Heatherton, T.F., Han, S. (2015). Opposing oxytocin effects on intergroup cooperative behavior in intuitive and reflective minds. Neuropsychopharmacology, 40(10), pp. 2379-2387. doi: 10.1038/npp.2015.27. {PDF}

Rapuano, K.M, Huckins, J.F., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2015). Individual differences in reward and somatosensory-motor brain regions correlate with adiposity in adolescents. Cerebral Cortex, bhv097. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2015). Self-regulation and its failure: The seven deadly threats to self-regulation. In M. Mikulincer, P.R. Shaver, E. Borgida, & J.A. Bargh (Eds). APA Handbook of Personality and Social Psychology. Pp. 805-842. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. {PDF}


Kim, M.J., Neta, M., Davis, F.C., Ruberry, E.J., Dinescu, D., Heatherton, T.F., Stotland, M.A., & Whalen, P.J. (2014). Botulinum toxin-induced facial muscle paralysis affects amygdala responses to the perception of emotion expressions: Preliminary findings from and A-B-A design. Biology of Mood & Anxiety Disorders, 4:11. doi: 10.1186/2045-5380-4-11.

Lopez, R.B., Hofmann, W., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Neural predictors of giving in to temptation in daily life.Psychological Science, 25(7), 1337-44. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Worsham, A.L., Freeman, J.B., Wheatley, T., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Social connection modulates perceptions of animacy. Psychological Science, 1-6. DOI: 10.1177/0956797614547706. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2014). Self-regulation and its failures. In M.S. Gazzaniga & R. Mangun (Eds.), The Cognitive Neurosciences (5th ed.). pp. 709-717. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. {PDF}


Chen, P.A., Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Powers, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Medial prefrontal cortex differentiates self from mother in Chinese:  Evidence from self-motivated immigrants. Culture and Brain, 1(1), 3-15. doi: 10.1007/s40167-013-001-5. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Forney, K.J., Brown, T.A., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Influence of college peers on disordered eating in women and men at 10-year follow-up. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 122, 105-110. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). What can the organization of the brain’s default network tell us about self-knowledge. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. 10.3389/fnhum.2013.003931. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-knowledge. In K.N. Ochsner & S. Kosslyn (Eds.), Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience. Pp. 135-147. New York, Oxford Press. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Implicitly priming the social brain: Failure to find neural effects. PLoS One, 8(2), 1-5. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Wagner, D.D., Norris, C.J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Socially excluded individuals fail to recruit medial prefrontal cortex for negative social scenes. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8(2), 151-157. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr079. {PDF}

Powers, K.E., Somerville, L.H., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Rejection sensitivity polarizes striatal-medial prefrontal activity when anticipating social feedback. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 25(11), 1887-1895. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Altman, M., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-regulatory depletion enhances neural responses to rewards and impairs top-down control. Psychological Science, 24(11), 2262-2271. doi: 10.1177/095679613492985. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Self-regulatory depletion increases emotional reactivity in the amygdala. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 8, 410-417. doi:10.1093/scan/nss082. {PDF} {See commentary on our paper: PDF}

Wagner, D.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2013). Emotion regulation and self-regulatory failure. In J. Gross (Ed.). Handbook of Emotion Regulation (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Guilford Press. {PDF}


Demos, K.E., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2012). Individual differences in nucleus accumben activity to food and sexual images predict weight gain and sexual behavior.  Journal of Neuroscience, 32, 5549-5552.  {PDF}

Powers, K.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (2012).  Characterizing socially avoidant and affiliative responses to social exclusion.  Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 6(46), 1-5.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Boswell, R.G., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2012). Inducing negative affect increases the reward value of appetizing food in dieters. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(7), 1625-33. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00238. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Haxby, J.V., & Heatherton, T.F. (2012).  The representation of self and person knowledge in the medial prefrontal cortex.  Wiley Interdisciplinary Review:  Cognitive Science, 3, 451-470.  {PDF}


Cloutier, J., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  The influence of perceptual and knowledge-based familiarity on the neural substrates of face perception.  Social Neuroscience, 6, 63-75.  {PDF}

Demos, K.E., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Dietary restraint violations influence reward responses in nucleus accumbens and amygdala.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 23(8), 1952-1963.  {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2011). A life changing paper?  That depends on your interpretation. In R. Arkin (Ed.), Most Underappreciated: 50 Prominent Social Psychologists Talk About Their Most Unloved Work. Pp. 22-26.  {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Neuroscience of Self and Self-Regulation.  Annual Review of Psychology, 62, 363-390. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wagner, D.D. (2011).  Cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation failure.  Trends in Cognitive Science, 15, 132-139. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Magoon, N.S., Hull, J.G., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Judging a book by its cover:  the differential impact of attractiveness on predicting one’s acceptance to high- or low-status social groups.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 41(10), 2538-2550.  {PDF}

Thomas, J.J., Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Disordered eating and injuries among adolescent ballet dancers*.  Eating and Weight Disorders Journal, 16, e216-e222.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Dal Cin, S., Sargent, J.D., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Spontaneous action representation in smokers when watching movie characters smoke.  Journal of Neuroscience, 31, 894-898. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Demos, K.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2011). Staying in Control:  The Neural Basis of Self-Regulation and Its Failure. In J.Decety & J.T. Cacioppo (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Social Neuroscience, (1st ed., pp. 360-377). Oxford University Press.  {PDF}

Wagner, D.D., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F. (2011).  Individual differences in the spontaneous recruitment of brain regions supporting mental state understanding when viewing natural social scenes.  Cerebral Cortex, (21), 2788-2796.  {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Building a social brain.  In Reuter-Lorenz, P.A., Bane, K., Phelps, E.A., Mangun, R.  (Eds.).  The Cognitive Neuroscience of Mind: A Tribute to Michael Gazzaniga. Pp. 173-188. Cambridge, MA; MIT Press. {PDF}

Keel, P.K. & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Weight suppression predicts maintenance and onset of bulimic syndromes at 10-year follow-up.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 199, 268-275. {PDF}

Somerville, L. H., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Self-esteem modulates medial prefrontal cortical responses to evaluative social feedback.  Cerebral Cortex, 20, 3005-3013. {PDF}

Wagner, D.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2010). Giving in to Temptation: The Emerging Cognitive Neuroscience of Self-Regulatory Failure. In K.D. Vohs & R.F. Baumeister (Eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed., pp. 41-63). New York:  The Guilford Press.  {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Longacre, M.R., Matzkin, A.L., Sargent, J.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Titus-Ernstoff, L. (2009).  Early exposure to movie smoking predicts established smoking by older teens and young adults.  Pediatrics, 123, e551-558. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Self-Esteem.  Oxford Companion to the Affective Sciences.  (p. 357). Oxford, UK:  Oxford. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Krendl, A.C. (2009).  Social Emotions: Neuroimaging.  In Squire, L. (Ed). Encyclopedia of Neuroscience, vol. 9, (pp. 35-39). Oxford: Academic Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Sargent, J.D. (2009). Does watching smoking in movies promote teenage smoking?  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 18, 63-67. {PDF}

Krendl, A.K. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009). Self versus others/Self-Regulation.  In, G.G. Berntson & J.T. Cacioppo (Eds), Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. (pp. 859-878). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.  {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Heatherton, T.F., & Kensinger, E.A. (2009). Aging minds & twisting attitudes: An fMRI investigation of age differences in inhibiting prejudice.  Psychology and Aging, 24, 530-541. {PDF}

Mitchell, J. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Components of a social brain. In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences IV. 4th ed., (pp. 951–958). Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2009).  Modulation of cortical midline structures by implicit and explicit self-reference evaluation. Social Neuroscience, 4, 197-211. {PDF}

Sargent, J., Gibson, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2009).  Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking.  Tobacco Control, 18, 47-53. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2009). Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 301, 2211-2213. {PDF}


Cloutier, J., Heatherton, T.F., Whalen, P.J., & Kelley, W.M. (2008). Are attractive people rewarding? Sex differences in the neural substrates of facial attractiveness. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 20, 941-951. {PDF}

Daley, K.A., Jimerson, D.C., Heatherton, T.F., Metzger, E.D., & Wolfe B.E. (2008). State self-esteem ratings in women with bulimia nervosa and bulimia nervosa in remission. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 159-163. {PDF}

Gravener, J.A., Haedt, A.A., Heatherton, T.F., & Keel, P.K. (2008).  Gender and age differences in associations between peer dieting and drive for thinness.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 41, 57-63. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Krendl, A.C. (2008).  Neuroscience. In  W.A. Darity, Jr. (Ed). International Encyclopedia of Social Sciences. Vol. 5. 2nd ed. (pp 484-485). Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA. {PDF}

Holm-Denoma, J.M., Joiner, T.E., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2008). “The ‘Freshman Fifteen’ (the freshman five actually): Predictors and possible explanations. Health Psychology, 27, S3-S9. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., & Richeson, J.A., Kelley, W.M. & Heatherton, T.F. (2008).  The negative consequences of threat:  An fmri investigation of the neural mechanisms underlying women’s underperformance in math.  Psychological Science, 19, 168-175. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Worth, K.A., Beach, M., Gerrard, M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2008).  Population-based assessment of exposure to risk behaviors in motion pictures.  Communications Methods and Measures, 2, 134-151. {PDF}

Sutherland, L.A., Beavers, D.P., Kupper, L., Bernhardt, A.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Dalton, M.A. (2008).  Like parent, like child?  Child food and beverage choices during make believe play. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 162, 1-63-1069. {PDF}


Cacioppo, J.T., Amaral, D., Blanchard, J.J., Cameron, J.L., Carter, C.S., Crews, D.P., Fiske, S., Heatherton, T.F., Johnson, M.K., Kozak, M.J., Levenson, R.W., Lord, C., Miller, E.K., Ochsner, K., Raichle, M.E., Shea, M.T., Taylor, S.E., Young, L.J., & Quinn, K.J. (2007).  Social neuroscience:  Progress and promise.  Perspectives on Psychological Science, 2, 99-123. {PDF}

Forbush, K., Heatherton, T.F., & Keel, P.K. (2007).  Relationship between perfectionism and specific disordered eating behaviors.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40, 37 – 41. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., & Kelley, W.M.  (2007).  A social brain sciences approach to understanding the self.  In C. Sedikides & S. Spencer (Eds.), Frontiers in social psychology: The self. (pp. 3 – 20). New York:  Psychology Press. {PDF}

Keel, P. K., Baxter, M. G., Heatherton, T. F., & Joiner, T. E. (2007). A 20-year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 422-432. {PDF}

Mar, R.A., Kelley, W.M., Heatherton, T.F., & Macrae, C.N. (2007).  Detecting agency from the biological motion of veridical versus animated agents.  Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 2, 199-205. {PDF}

Mitchell, J.P., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Wyland, C.L., Wegner, D.M., & Macrae, C.N. (2007).  Separating sustained from transient aspects of cognitive control during thought suppression.  Psychological Science, 18, 292 – 297. {PDF}


Abramson, L.Y., Bardone-Cone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Joiner, T.E., & Heatherton, T.F. (2006).  Cognitive vulnerability to bulimia.   In L.B. Alloy & J.H. Riskind (Eds.), Cognitive vulnerability to emotional disorders. (pp. 329 – 364).  Hillsdale, N.J.:  Erlbaum. {PDF}

Bardone-Cone, A.M., Abramson, L.Y., Vohs, K.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E., Jr. (2006). Predicting bulimic symptoms: An interactive model of self-efficacy, perfectionism, and perceived weight status. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 44, 27-42. {PDF}

Haedt, A.A.,  Edler, C.,  Heatherton, T.F.,  & Keel P.K. (2006). Importance of multiple purging methods in the classification of eating disorder subtypes. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 39, 648 – 654. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., Macrae, C.N., Demos, K.E., Denny, B.T., & Kelley, W.M.  (2006).  Medial prefrontal activity differentiates self from close others. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 1, 18-25. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F., Dorer, D.J., Joiner, T.E, & Zalta, A.K. (2006).  Point prevalence of bulimia nervosa in 1982, 1992, and 2002. Psychological Medicine, 65, 119-127. {PDF}

Krendl, A.C., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F.  (2006). The good, the bad, and the ugly: An fMRI Investigation of the functional anatomic correlates of stigma.  Social Neuroscience, 1, 5 – 15. {PDF}

Moran, J.M., Macrae, C.N., Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., & Kelley, W.M. (2006).  Neuroanatomical evidence for distinct cognitive and affective components of self.  Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18, 1586-1594. {PDF}

Somerville, L.H., Heatherton, T.F., & Kelley, W.M. (2006). Disambiguating anterior cingulate cortex function: Differential response to experiences of expectancy violation and social rejection.  Nature Neuroscience, 9, 1007-1008. {PDF}

Tickle J.J, Hull J.G., Sargent J.D., Dalton M.A, & Heatherton T.F. (2006). A structural equation model of social influences and exposure to media smoking on adolescent smoking. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 117-129. {PDF}


Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Dalton, M.A., Gibson, J.J., Beach, M.L., Titus-Ernstoff, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., & Sargent, J.D. (2005). Tobacco brand appearances in movies before and after the master settlement agreement.  Journal of the American Medical Association, 293, 2341-2342. {PDF}

Dalton, M.A., Bernhardt, A.M., Gibson, J.J., Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Titus-Ernstoff, L.T.,  & Heatherton, T.F. (2005). Use of cigarettes and alcohol by preschoolers while role-playing as adults:  “Honey, have some smokes.” Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 159, 854-859. {PDF}

Holm-Denoma, J.M., Gordon, K.H., Bardone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E. (2005).  A test of an interactive model of bulimic symptomatology in adult women. Behavior Therapy, 36, 311-321. {PDF}

King, E.B., Hebl, M.R., & Heatherton, T.F. (2005). Theories of stigma: Limitations and needed directions.  In K.D. Brownell, R. Puhl, M.B. Schwartz, & L. Rudd, (Eds,).   Weight Bias: Nature, consequences, and remedies (pp. 109-120). New York:  Guilford Press. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Adachi-Mejia, A.M., Gibson, J.J., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Carusi, C., Swain, S., Heatherton, T.F., & Dalton, M.A. (2005).  Exposure to movie smoking: Its relation to smoking initiation among U.S. adolescents. Pediatrics, 116, 1183-1191. {PDF}

Thomas, J.J., Keel, P.K., & Heatherton, T.F. (2005).  Disordered eating attitudes and behaviors in ballet students: Examination of environmental and individual risk factors.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 38, 263-268. {PDF}


Banfield, J., Wyland, C.L., Macrae, C.N., Munte, T.F., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  The cognitive neuroscience of self-regulation.  In R.F. Baumeister & K.D. Vohs (Eds), The Handbook of Self-Regulation.  pp. 62- 83. New York: Guilford Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  Introduction to special issue on social cognitive neuroscience. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 16, 1681-1682. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N. & Kelley, W.M. (2004). A social brain sciences approach to studying the self.  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 13, 190 – 193. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Phelps, E.A., & LeDoux, J.E. (2004).  The emotional and social brain (section introduction). In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences III.  pp. 973-976.  Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  A self less ordinary:  The medial prefrontal cortex and you.  In M.S. Gazzaniga (Ed.), Cognitive Neurosciences III.  pp. 1067- 1076. Cambridge, MA:  MIT Press. {PDF}

Macrae, C.N., Moran, J.M., Heatherton, T.F., Banfield, J.F. & Kelley, W.M. (2004).  Medial prefrontal activity predicts memory for self.  Cerebral Cortex, 14, 647-654. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M., Dalton, M.A., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Gibson, J.J., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2004).  Effect of parental r-rated movie restriction on adolescent smoking initiation:  A prospective study.  Pediatrics, 114, 149-156. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Banfield, J.F., Walling, B.O., Heatherton, T.F., Grafton, S.T., Handy, T.C., Gazzaniga, M.S., & Macrae, C.N. (2004).  From facial cue to dinner for two:  The neural substrates of personal choice.  Neuroimage, 22, 1281-1290. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2004). Ego threat elicits different social comparison processes among high and low self-esteem people: Implications for interpersonal perceptions.  Social Cognition, 22, 168-190. {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Sergeant, J.D., Beach, M., Titus-Ernstoff, L., Gibson, J.J., Ahrens, M.B., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2003). Effect of viewing smoking in movies on adolescent smoking initiation: A Cohort Study.  Lancet, 362, 281-285. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wyland, C. (2003) Assessing self-esteem. In S. Lopez and R. Snyder, (Eds). Assessing Positive Psychology. (pp. 219 – 233). Washington, DC:  APA. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Wyland, C. (2003).  Why is there self-esteem?  Psychological Inquiry, 14, 38-41. {PDF}

Richeson, J.A., Baird, A.A., Gordon, H.L., Heatherton, T.F., Wyland, C.L., Trawalter, S., & Shelton, J.N. (2003).  An fMRI investigation of the impact of interracial contact on executive function. Nature Neuroscience, 6, 1323-1328. {PDF}

Sargent J.D., Dalton M.A., Heatherton T.F., & Beach M.  (2003).  Modifiable risk factors for exposure to movie smoking in young adolescents. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine, 157, 643-648. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N., Kelley, W.M., & Gazzaniga, M.S. (2003). Out of contact, out of mind: The distributed nature of self.  Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1001, 65-79. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2003).  The effects of self-esteem and ego threat on interpersonal appraisals of men and women: A naturalistic study.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 11, 1407-1420. {PDF}

Wyland, C.L., Kelley, W.M., Macrae, C.N., Gordon, H.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2003).  Neural correlates of thought suppression.  Neuropsychologia, 41, 1863-1867. {PDF}


Dalton, M.A., Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Ahrens, M.B., Tickle, J.J., & Heatherton, T.F.  (2002).  Parental media restriction associated with lower alcohol and tobacco use among adolescents.  Effective Clinical Practice, 5, 1-10.  {PDF}

Dalton M.A., Tickle J.J., Sargent J.D., Beach M.L., Ahrens M.B,, & Heatherton T,F,. (2002). The incidence and context of tobacco use in popular movies from 1988-1997. Preventive Medicine, 34, 516-523. {PDF}

Kelley, W.T., Macrae, C.N., Wyland, C., Caglar, S., Inati, S. & Heatherton, T.F. (2002).  Finding the self?  An event-related fMRI Study. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 14, 785-794. {PDF}

Mitchell, J.P., Heatherton, T.F., Macrae, C.N. (2002).  Distinct neural systems subserve person and object knowledge.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 99, 15238-15243. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Dalton M.A., Beach M.L., Mott L.A., Tickle J.J., Ahrens M.B., & Heatherton T.F. (2002). Viewing tobacco use in movies: Does it shape attitudes that mediate adolescent smoking? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 22, 137 – 145. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Heatherton T.F., Ahrens B., Dalton M.A. , Tickle, J.J., & Beach, M.L. (2002). Adolescent exposure to extremely violent movies.  Journal of Adolescent Health, 31, 449-454. {PDF}

Tickle, J.J. & Heatherton, T.F. (2002).  Research involving college students.  In R.J. Amdur & E.A. Bankert (Eds.)  Institutional Review Board:  Management and Function.  (pp. 399-400).  Boston:  Jones and Bartlett. {PDF}

Turk, D.J., Heatherton, T.F., Kelley, W.M., Funnell, M.G., Gazzaniga, M.S., Macrae, C.N. (2002).  Mike or me?  Self-recognition in a split-brain patient. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 841-842. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Body image and gender. In N.J. Smelser & P.B. Baltes (Eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2, 1282-1285.  Oxford, England: Elsevier. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Beach, M.L., Dalton, M.A., Mott, L., Tickle, J.J., Ahrens, M.B. & Heatherton, T.F. (2001). Effect of seeing tobacco use in films on trying smoking among adolescents: Cross sectional study. British Medical Journal, 323, 1-6. {PDF}

Sargent, J.D., Dalton, M.A., Tickle, J.J., Beach, M.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Tobacco brand placement in movies.  Lancet, 357, 29-32. {PDF}

Tickle, J.J., Sargent, J.D., Dalton, M.A., Beach, M.L., & Heatherton, T.F. (2001).  Favorite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary movies and its association with adolescent smoking.  Tobacco Control, 10, 16-22. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D., Heatherton, T.F., & Herrin, M.  (2001).  Disordered eating and the college experience:  A prospective study. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 29, 280-288. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2001). Self-esteem and threats to self: Implications for self-construals and interpersonal perceptions.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 1103-1118. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D., Voelz, Z.R., Pettit, J.W., Bardone, A.M., Katz, J., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E., Jr. (2001). Perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and self-esteem: An interactive model of bulimic symptom development. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 20, 476-496. {PDF}


Bardone, A.M., Vohs, K.D., Abramson, L.Y., Heatherton, T.F., & Joiner, T.E. (2000). The confluence of perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem predicts bulimic symptoms: Clinical implications  Behavior Therapy 31, 265-280. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., & Vohs, K.D. (2000). Interpersonal evaluations following threats to self:  Role of self-esteem Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 725-736. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Vohs, K.D. (2000).  Self-esteem.  In E.F. Borgatta & R.J.V. Montgomery (Eds.) Encyclopedia of Sociology. Pp.  2511-2518.  New York:  Macmillan. {PDF}

Hebl, M., Tickle, J., & Heatherton, T.F.  Awkward moments.  (2000).  In T.F. Heatherton, R.E. Kleck, M. Hebl & J.G. Hull (Eds).  Stigma:  Social psychological processes New York:  Guilford. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Katz, J., & Heatherton, T.F. (2000).  Personality features differentiate late adolescent females and males with chronic bulimic symptoms, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 27, 191-197. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Vohs, K.D., & Heatherton, T.F. (2000).  Three studies on the factorial distinctiveness of binge eating and bulimic symptoms among non-clinical men and women, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 27, 198-205. {PDF}

Sargent J.D., Dalton, M., Beach, M., Bernhardt, A., Heatherton, T.F., & Stevens, M.  (2000). Effect of Cigarette Promotions on Smoking Uptake in a Cohort of Adolescents.  Preventive Medicine, 30, 320-327. {PDF}

Vohs, K.D. & Heatherton, T.F. (2000). Self-regulatory failure: A resource depletion approach.  Psychological Science, 11, 249-254. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Tickle, J. (1999).  Dieting doesn’t make you thin.  Healthy Weight Journal, 13, 7-9. {PDF}

Vohs , K.D., Bardone, A.M., Joiner, T.E., Abramson, L.Y., & Heatherton, T.F. (1999).  Perfectionism, perceived weight status, and self-esteem interact to predict bulimic symptoms: A model of bulimic symptom development Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 108, 695-700. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Vohs, K. (1998).  Why is it so difficult to inhibit behavior? Psychological Inquiry, 9, 212-216. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Hebl, M. (1998).  Body image.  In H. Friedman (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Mental Health (Volume 1). pp. 257-266.  San Diego: Academic Press. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Striepe, M., & Wittenberg, L.  (1998).  Emotional distress and disinhibited eating:  the role of self.  Personality and Psychology Bulletin, 24, 301-313.  {PDF}

Hebl, M.R. & Heatherton, T.F.  (1998).  Stigma of obesity:  The differences are black and white. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 24, 417-426. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (1998).  First- and second-order factor structure of five subscales of the Eating Disorders Inventory. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 23, 189-198. {PDF}


Estrada-Hollenbeck, M. & Heatherton, T.F. (1997).  Avoiding and Repairing Guilt through Prosocial Behavior.  In J. Bybee (Ed.), Guilt and Shame in Children. San Diego:  Academic Press. {PDF}

Green, K.L., Cameron, R., Polivy, J., Cooper, K., Liu, L., Leiter, L., & Heatherton, T. (1997).  Weight dissatisfaction and weight loss attempts among Canadian adults.  Canadian Medical Association Journal, 157 (Suppl), S17-S25. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Mahamedi, F., Striepe, M., Field, A., & Keel, P. (1997). A ten year longitudinal study of body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 117-125.        Reprinted in K.J. Sexton Radek (1999). (Ed.) Perspectives in Abnormal Psychology. Bellevue, IA:  CourseWise.  {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Heatherton, T.F. & Keel, P.K. (1997). Ten-year stability and predictive validity of five bulimotypic indicators.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 1133-1138. {PDF}

Joiner, T.E., Heatherton, T.F., Rudd, M.D., & Schmidt, N.B. (1997).  Perfectionism, perceived weight status, and bulimic symptoms: Two studies testing a diathesis-stress model. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 145-153. {PDF}

Keel, P.K., Heatherton, T.F., Harnden J., & Hornig, C. (1997).  Familial patterns of eating habits and attitudes:  Mothers, fathers, and daughters. Eating Disorders:  The Journal of Treatment and Prevention, 5, 216-228. {PDF}

Pillitteri, J.L., Kozlowski, L.T., Sweeney, C.T., & Heatherton, T.F. (1997).  Individual differences in the subjective effects of the first cigarette of the day:  A self-report method for studying tolerance.  Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 5, 83-90. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F. & Heatherton, T.F. (1996).  Self-regulation failure: An overview.  Psychological Inquiry, 7, 1-15. Reprinted in R.M. Kowalski & M.R. Leary (2004).  The interface of social and clinical psychology:  Key readings (pp. 51-69).  New York, NY:  Psychology Press. {PDF}

Field, A.E., Colditz, G.A., & Herzog, D.B., & Heatherton, T.F.  (1996).  Disordered eating: Can women accurately recall their bingeing and purging behaviors ten years later?  Obesity Research, 4, 153-159. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Baumeister, R.F. (1996).  Self-regulation failure: Past, present, future.  Psychological Inquiry, 7, 90-98. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1995).  Personal narratives about guilt:  Role in action control and interpersonal relationships.  Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 17, 173-198. {PDF}

Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1995).  Interpersonal aspects of guilt: Evidence from narrative studies.  In J.P. Tangney & K.W. Fischer (Eds.), Self-Conscious Emotions: Shame, Guilt, Embarrassment, and Pride. pp.  255-273.  New York: Guilford. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Renn, R.J.  (1995).  Stress and the disinhibition of behavior.  Mind/Body Medicine 1, 72-81. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Nichols, P., Mahamedi, F. & Keel, P.K.  (1995). Body weight, dieting, and eating disorder symptoms among college students 1982 to 1992.  American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 1623-1629. {PDF}


Bagozzi, R.P. & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  A general approach to representing multifaceted personality constructs:  Application to state self-esteem. Structural Equation Modeling, 1, 35-67. {PDF}

Baumeister, R.F., Stillwell, A.M., & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  Guilt:  An interpersonal approach.  Psychological Bulletin, 115, 243-267. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Nichols, P.A. (1994).  Personal accounts of successful versus failed attempts at life change. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 20, 664-675. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Nichols, P. (1994).  Conceptual issues in assessing whether personality can change.  In T.F. Heatherton & J.L. Weinberger (Eds.), Can Personality Change? Washington:  American Psychological Association. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Porter, C.Q., Orleans, C.T., Pope, M.A., & Heatherton, T.F. (1994).  Predicting smoking cessation with self-reported measures of nicotine dependence:  FTQ, FTND, and HSI.  Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 34, 211-216. {PDF}


Baumeister, R.F., Heatherton, T.F., & Tice, D.  (1993).  When ego threats lead to self-regulation failure:  Negative consequences of high self-esteem.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64, 141-156. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Body dissatisfaction, self-focus, and dieting status among women.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 7, 225-231. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Personality psychology:  The way we were and the way we are.  Contemporary Psychology, 38, 504-505. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F. & Ambady, N. (1993).  Self-esteem, self-prediction, and living up to commitments.  In R.F. Baumeister (Ed.), Self-Esteem:  The Puzzle of Low Self-Regard (pp. 131 – 145).  New York:  Plenum. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., Herman, C.P., & Baumeister, R.F.  (1993).  Self-awareness, task failure and disinhibition:  How attentional focus affects eating.   Journal of Personality, 61, 49-61. {PDF}

Mahamedi, F. & Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Effects of high calorie preloads on selective processing of food and body shape stimuli among dieters and nondieters.  International Journal of Eating Disorders, 13, 305-314. {PDF}

McNally, R. & Heatherton, T.F. (1993).  Are covariation biases attributable to a priori expectancy biases?  Behaviour Research and Therapy, 31, 653-658. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F. & Polivy, J. (1992).  Chronic dieting and eating disorders:  A spiral model.  In J.H. Crowther, S.E. Hobfall, M.A.P. Stephens, & D.L. Tennenbaum (Eds.), The Etiology of Bulimia Nervosa:  The Individual and Familial Context. (pp. 133 – 155).  Washington, D.C:  Hemisphere Publishers. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., & Polivy, J.  (1992).  Effects of distress on eating:  The importance of ego-involvement.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62, 101-103. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., & Baumeister, R.F. (1991).  Binge eating as an escape from self-awareness.  Psychological Bulletin, 110, 86-108. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., & Polivy, J. (1991).  The effects of physical threat and ego threat on eating.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 138-143. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Kozlowski, L.T., & Frecker, R.C. & Fagerström, K.O. (1991).  The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence:  A revision of the Fagerström Tolerance Questionnaire.  British Journal of Addiction, 86, 1119-1127. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., & Polivy, J. (1991).  Development and validation of a scale for measuring state self-esteem.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 60, 895-910. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1991).  Restraint, weight loss, and variability of body weight.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 100, 78-83. {PDF}


Fagerström, K.O., Heatherton, T.F., & Kozlowski, L.T. (1990).  Nicotine addiction and its assessment.  Ear, Nose, and Throat Journal, 69, 763-766. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1990).  Dietary restraint:  Some current findings and speculations.  Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 4, 100-106. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T. & Heatherton, T.F. (1990).  Self-report issues in cigarette smoking:  State of the art and future directions.  Behavioral Assessment, 12, 53-75. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., Kozlowski, L.T., Frecker, R.C., Rickert W., & Robinson, J. (1989). Measuring the heaviness of smoking:  Using self-reported time to the first cigarette of the day and number of cigarettes smoked per day.  British Journal of Addiction, 84, 791-800. {PDF}

Heatherton, T.F., Polivy, J., & Herman, C.P. (1989). Restraint and internal responsiveness:  Effects of placebo manipulations of hunger state on eating. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 98, 89-92. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., & Ferrence, R.G. (1989).  Pack size, reported cigarette smoking rates and the heaviness of smoking. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 80, 266-270. {PDF}

Kozlowski, L.T., Heatherton, T.F., Frecker, R.C., & Nolte, H.E. (1989).  Self-selected behavioral blocking of vents on low-yield cigarettes.  Pharmacology, Biochemistry & Behavior,  33, 815-819. {PDF}

Rowland G.L., Fouts, G., & Heatherton, T.F. (1989). Television viewing and sensation seeking:  Uses, preferences and attitudes.  Personality and Individual Differences, 10, 1003-1006. {PDF}


Heatherton, T.F., Herman, C.P., Polivy, J., King, G.A., & McGree, S.T. (1988).  The (mis)measurement of restraint:  An analysis of conceptual and psychometric issues.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 19–28. {PDF}

Polivy, J., Heatherton, T.F., & Herman, C.P. (1988).  Self-esteem, restraint, and eating behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 354–356. {PDF}

Rowland, G.L., Franken, R.E., Williams, S.E. & Heatherton, T.F. (1988). The perception of sensation seeking in familiar and unfamiliar others.  Personality and Individual Differences, 9, 237–241. {PDF}


Herman, C.P., Polivy, J., Lank, C. & Heatherton, T.F. (1987).  Anxiety, hunger and eating.  Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 96, 264–269. {PDF}

Rowland, G.L. & Heatherton, T.F. (1987).  Social norms for the desirability of sensation seeking.  Personality and Individual Differences, 8, 753–755. {PDF}