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Wager, T. D. & Lindquist, M. A. Principles of fMRI. [PDF] 


Duff, E. P., Moultrie, F., van der Vaart, M., Goksan, S., Abos, A., Fitzgibbon, S. P., Baxter, L., Wager, T. D. & Slater, R. (in press) Inferring the infant pain experience: a translational fMRI-based signature study. bioRxiv doi: [Link]

Gilam, G., Gross, J. J., Wager, T. D., Keefe, F. J. & Mackey, S. C. (in press) What is the relationship between pain and emotion? Bridging constructs and communities. Neuron.

Poß, D., Liebl, D., Kneip, A., Eisenbarth, H., Wager, T. D. & Feldman Barrett, L. (in press) Super-Consistent Estimation of Points of Impact in Nonparametric Regression with Functional Predictor. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. [Link]

Davis, K. D., Aghaeepour, N., Ahn, A. H.,  Angst, M. S., Borsook, D., Brenton, A., Burczynski, M. E., Crean, C., Edwards, R., Gaudilliere, B., Hergenroeder, G. W., Iadarola, M. J., Iyengar, S., Jiang, Y., Kong, J. T., Mackey, S., Saab, C, Sang, C. N., Scholz, J., Segerdahl, M., Tracey, I., Veasley, C., Wang, J., Wager, T. D., Wasan, A. D., & Pelleymounter, M. (in press) Discovery and validation of biomarkers to aid the development of safe and effective pain therapeutics: challenges & opportunities. Nature Reviews Neurology.

Rosenberg, M. D., Martinez, S. A., Rapuano, K. M., Conley, M. I., Cohen, A. O., Corenjo, M. D., Hagler, D. J., Anderson, K. M., Wager, T. D., Feczko, E., Earl, E., Fair, D. A., Barch, D. M., Watts, R. & Casey, B. J. (2020) Behavioral and neural signatures of working memory in childhood. The Journal of Neuroscience. [Link]

Geuter, S, Reynolds Losin, E. A., Roy, M., Atlas, L. Y., Schmidt, L., Krishnan, A., Koban, L., Wager, T. D. & Lindquist, M. A. (2020) Multiple Brain Networks Mediating Stimulus–Pain Relationships in Humans. Cerebral Cortex. [Link]

Kano, M., Van Oudenhove, L., Dupont, P., Wager, T. D. & Fukudo, S. (2020) Imaging brain mechanisms of functional somatic syndromes: potential as a biomarker? The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine. [PDF]

Yu, H., Koban, L., Chang, L. J., Wagner, U., Krishnan, A., Vuilleumier, P., Zhou, X. & Wager, T. D. (2020) A Generalizable Multivariate Brain Pattern for Interpersonal Guilt. Cerebral Cortex. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Bainter, S. A., McCauley, T. M., Wager, T. D. &  Reynolds Losin, E. A. (2020) Improving Practices for Selecting a Subset of Important Predictors in Psychology: An Application to Predicting Pain. Advances in Methods and Practices in Psychological Science. [PDF]

Borsook, D., Upadhyay, J., Hargreaves, R. & Wager, T. (2020) Enhancing Choice and Outcomes for Therapeutic Trials in Chronic Pain: N-of-1 + Imaging (+ i). Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. [PDF]

Reynolds Losin, E. A., Woo, C. W.,  Medina, N. A., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Eisenbarth, H. & Wager, T. D. (2020) Neural and Sociocultural Mediators of Ethnic Differences in Pain.  Nature Human Behaviour. [PDF]

Kohoutová, L., Heo, J., Cha, S., Lee, S., Moon, T.,  Wager, T. D. & Woo, C. W. (2020) Interpreting machine learning models in neuroimaging: Towards a unified framework. Nature Protocols. [PDF], [Video Abstract]

Landa, A., Fallon, B. A., Wang, Z., Duan, Y., Liu, F., Feng, L., Wager, T. D., Ochsner, K. & Peterson, B. S. (2020) When it hurts even more: The neural dynamics of pain and interpersonal emotions. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. [PDF]


Kober, H.,  Buhle, J.,  Weber, J.,  Ochsner, K. N. & Wager, T. D. (2019) Let it be: Mindful-acceptance down-regulates pain and negative emotion. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF]

Disner, S. G., Fani, N., Salminen, L. E., Logue, M., Clarke, E. K., …, Kochunov, P., Jahanshad, N., Morey, R. A. (2019) Altered White Matter Microstructural Organization in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder across 3,047 Adults: Results from the PGC-ENIGMA PTSD Consortium. Molecular Psychiatry Nature. [PDF]

Weber, K. A., Wager, T. D., Mackey, S., Elliott, J. M., Liu, W. & Sparks, C.L. (2019) Evidence for decreased Neurologic Pain Signature activation following thoracic spinal manipulation in healthy volunteers and participants with neck pain. Neuroimage: Clinical. 24:102042. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.102042. [PDF]

Chen, P. H. A., Cheong, J. H., Jolly, E., Elhence, H., Wager, T. D., & Chang, L. J. (2019) Socially transmitted placebo effects. Nature Human Behavior. [PDF]

Munafo, M. R., Cremers, H. R., Wager, T. D., Yarkoni, T. (2019). Power and design considerations in imaging research. In: Raz, A., Thibault, R. T. (Eds.) Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging (73-78). Cambridge: Academic Press. [PDF]

Shackman, A. J., & Wager, T. D. (2019). The emotional brain: Fundamental questions and strategies for future research. Neuroscience Letters. 693:68-74. PMCID PMC6370519. [PDF]

Koban, L., Jempa, M., Lopez-Sola, M. and Wager, T. D. (2019) Different brain networks mediate the effects of social and conditioned expectations on pain. Nature Communications. 10(1):4096. PMCID: PMC6736972 . [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Reddan, M. C., LaBar, K. S., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Emotion schemas are embedded in the human visual system. Science Advances. 5(7): eaaw4358. PMCID: PMC6656543. [PDF], [EmoNet]

Kragel, P. A., Bianciardi, M., Hartley, L., Matthewson, G., Choi, J. K., Quigley, K., Wald, L. L., Wager, T. D., Feldman Barrett, L. & Satpute, A. B. (2019) Functional Involvement of Human Periaqueductal Gray and Other Midbrain Nuclei in Cognitive Control. 39(31):6180 – 6189. The Journal of Neuroscience. PMCID: PMC6668211. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Zilcha-Mano, S., Wang, Z., Peterson, B., Wall, M. M., Chen, Y., Wager, T. D., Brown, P. B., Roose, S. P., & Rutherford, B. R. (2019) Neural Mechanisms of Expectancy-Based Placebo Effects in Antidepressant Clinical Trials. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 116:19-25. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.05.023. [PDF]

Zunhammer, M., Wager, T. D., & Bingel, U. on behalf of the Placebo Imaging Consortium (2019) Laterality and Stimulation Bias in Meta-analysis of Placebo Responses. JAMA Neurology. 76(7):870. [PDF]

van der Miesen, M. M., Lindquist, M. & Wager, T. D. (2019) Neuroimaging-based biomarkers for pain: State of the field and current directions. Pain Reports. 4(4): e751. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Geuter, S., Koban, L., Coan, J. A., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Brain mechanisms of social touch-induced analgesia in females. Pain. PMID: 31241496. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Hong, Y. W., Yoo, Y. J., Han, J., & Wager, T. D. (2019) False-positive neuroimaging: Undisclosed flexibility in testing spatial hypotheses allows presenting anything as a replicated finding. NeuroImage. [PDF]

Lindquist, M., Geuter, S., Wager, T. D., & Caffo, B. (2019) Modular preprocessing pipelines can reintroduce artifacts into fMRI data. Human Brain Mapping. PMID: 30666750. [PDF]

Krause, A., Prather, A., Wager, T., Lindquist, M., & Walker, M. (2019) The pain of sleep loss: A brain characterization in humans. The Journal of Neuroscience. PMCID: PMC6433768. [PDF]

Banich, M. T., Smolker, H., Snyder, H. R., Lewis-Peacock, J. A., Godinez, D., Wager, T. D., & Hankin, B. L. (2019) Turning down the heat: Neural mechanisms of cognitive control for inhibiting task-irrelevant emotional information during adolescence. Neuropsychologia. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.12.006. [PDF]

Reddan MC & Wager T. D. (2019) Brain systems at the intersection of chronic pain and self-regulation. Neuroscience Letters. 702:24-33. PMID: 30503923. [PDF].

Matthewson, G., Woo, C. W., Reddan, M. C., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Cognitive self-regulation influences pain-related physiology [PDF]. PAIN. 160(10):2338-2349. PMID: 31145211. [Data and scripts repository]

Sha Z., Wager T. D., Mechelli A. & He Y., (2019) Common Dysfunction of Large-Scale Neurocognitive Networks across Psychiatric Disorders. 85(5) 379-388. Biological Psychiatry. PMID: 30612699. [PDF], [Brain Model]



Casey, B. J., Cannonier, T., Conley, M. I., Cohen, A. O., Barch, D. M., Heitzeg, M. M., Soules, M. E., Teslovich, T., Dellarco, D. V., Garavan, H., Orr, C. A., Wager, T. D., … Dale, A. M., ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup (2018). The adolescent brain cognitive development (ABCD) study: Imaging acquisition across 21 sites.  Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 32:43-54. PMCID: PMC5999559. [PDF]

Kragel, P.A., Wager, T. D. (2018) Reproducible, generalizable brain models of affective processes. In M. Neta & I. Haas (Eds.) Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York, NY: Springer. [PDF]

Sha Z., Wager T. D., Mechelli A. & He Y., (2019) Common Dysfunction of Large-Scale Neurocognitive Networks across Psychiatric Disorders. 85(5) 379-388. Biological Psychiatry. PMID: 30612699. [PDF]

Jepma, M., Koban, L., van Doorn, J., Jones, M., and Wager, T. D. (2018) Behavioural and neural evidence for self-reinforcing expectancy effects on pain. Nature Human Behaviour. 2:838-855. PMCID: PMC6768437. [PDF]

Reddan, M. C., Wager T. D., & Schiller D (2018) Attenuating Neural Threat Expression with Imagination. Neuron. 100(4):994-1005. PMCID: PMC6314478. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Zunhammer, M., Bingel, U., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Placebo Effects on the Neurologic Pain Signature: A Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data. JAMA Neurology. 75(11):1321-1330. PMCID: PMC6248115. [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Koban, L., Feldman Barrett, L., & Wager, T. D. (2018). Representation, Pattern Information, and Brain Signatures: From Neurons to Neuroimaging. Neuron. 99(2):257-273. PMCID: PMC6296466. [PDF]

Samartsidis, P., Eickhoff, C. R., Eickhoff, S. B., Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Atzil, S., Johnson, T. D., & Nichols, T. E. (2018) Bayesian log-Gaussian Cox process regression: applications to a meta-analysis of neuroimaging working memory studies. Journal of Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 68(1):217-234.PMCID: PMC6430202. [PDF]

Evers, A. W. M., Colloca, L., Blease, C., Annoni, M., Atlas, Y. A., Benedetti, F., . . . Kelley, J. M. (2018) Implications of placebo and nocebo effects for clinical practice: expert consensus. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 87(4):204-210. PMCID: PMC3167012. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2018) Pinpointing the pain gene. Nature. 556(7701): 308. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Koban, L., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Transforming pain with prosocial meaning: an fMRI study. Psychosomatic Medicine. 80(9):814-825. PMID: 29846310. [PDF].

Kiehl, K.A., Anderson, N.E., Aharoni, E., Maurer, J.M., Harenski, K., Rao, V., Claus, E.D., Harenski, C.L., Koenigs, M., Decety, J., Kosson, D., Wager, T.D., Calhoun, V.D. & Steele, V.R. (2018) Age of Gray Matters: Neuroprediction of Recidivism. Neuroimage: Clinical. 19:813-823. [PDF]

X. Zhu, B. Suarez-Jimenez, A. Lazarov, L. Helpman, S. Papini, A. Lowell, A. Durosky, M. A. Lindquist, J. C. Markowitz, F. Schneier, T. D. Wager & Y. Neria, (2018) Exposure-Based Therapy Changes Amygdala and Hippocampus Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Patients with PTSD. Depression and Anxiety. 35(10):974-984. PMCID: PMC6168398. [PDF]

Müller, V. I., Cieslik, E. C., Laird, A. R., Fox, P. T., Radua, J., Mataix-Cols, D., Tench, C. R., Yarkoni, T., Nichols, T. E., Turkeltaub, P. E., Wager, T. D. & Eickhoff, S. E. (2018) Ten simple rules for neuroimaging meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 84:151-161. PMCID: PMC591806. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Geuter, S., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Mechanisms of placebo analgesia: A dual-process model informed by insights from cross-species comparisons. Progress in Neurobiology. 160:101-122. PMCID: PMC5747994. [PDF]

Price, T. J., Basbaum, A. I., Bresnahan, J., Chambers, J. F., De Koninck, Y., Edwards, R. R., Ji, R., Annemieke, K., Levine, J. D., Porter, L., Schechter, N., Sluka, K. A., Terman, G. W., Wager, T. D., Yaksh, T. L. & Dworkin, R. H. (2018) Transition to chronic pain: opportunities for novel therapeutics. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 19(7):383-384. PMCID: PMC6237656. [PDF]

Montagna, S., Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Johnson, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2018) Spatial Bayesian latent factor regression modeling of coordinate‐based meta‐analysis data. Biometrics. 74(1):342-353. PMCID: PMC5682245. [PDF]

Satpute, A. B., Kragel, P. A., Barrett, L. F., Wager, T. D., & Bianciardi, M. (2018) Deconstructing arousal into wakeful, autonomic and affective varieties. Neuroscience Letters. 693:19-28. PMCID: PMC6068010. [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Kano, M., Van Oudenhove, L., Ly, H. G., Dupont, P., Rubio, A., Delon-Martin, C., Bonaz, B. L., Manuck, S. B., Gianaros, P. J., Ceko, M., Reynolds Losin, E. A., Woo, C. W., Nichols, T. E., Wager, T. D. (2018) Generalizable representations of pain, cognitive control, and negative emotion in medial frontal cortex. Nature neuroscience. 21(2):283-289. PMCID: PMC5801068. [PDF], [Code], [Brain Model]

Koban, L., Kusko, D., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Generalization of learned pain modulation depends on explicit learning. Acta Psycholgica. 184:75-84. PMCID: PMC5847433. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Reddan, M. C., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Modeling Pain Using fMRI: From Regions to Biomarkers. Neuroscience Bulletin. 34(1):208-215. PMCID: PMC5799128. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Krishnan, A., Hitchcock, E. (2017) How are Emotions Organized in the Brain? In Fox, A. S., Lapate, R. C., Shackman, A. J. & Davidson, R. J. (Eds.). The nature of emotion. Fundamental questions (2nd edition). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Kraynak, T. E., Marsland, A. L., Wager, T. D., Gianaros, P. J., (2018) Functional neuroanatomy of peripheral inflammatory physiology: A meta-analysis of human neuroimaging studies. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 94:76-92. PMCID: PMC6363360.[PDF], [Brain Model]


Koban, L., Schneider, R., Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Landy, L., Moscovitch, D. A., Wager, T. D. & Arch, J. J. (2017) Social anxiety is characterized by biased learning about performance and the self. Emotion. PMCID: PMC5623172. [PDF], [Paradigm]

De la Vega, A., Yarkoni, T., Wager, T. D., & Banich, M. T. (2017) Large-scale Metaanalysis Suggests Low Regional Modularity in Lateral Frontal Cortex. Cerebral Cortex. 28(10):3414-3428. PMID: 28968758. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Calhoun, V. D., Wager, T. D., Krishnan, A., Rosch, K. S., Seymour, K. E., Nebel, M. B., Mostofsky, S. H., Nyalakanai, P. and Kiehl, K. (2017) The impact of T1 versus EPI spatial normalization templates for fMRI data analyses. Human Brain Mapping. 38(11) 5331-5342. PMID: 28745021. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Koban, L., Krishnan, A., & Wager, T. D. (2017) When pain really matters: A vicarious-pain brain marker tracks empathy for pain in the romantic partner. Neuropsychologia. pii: S0028-3932(17)30265-8. PMID: 28712948 [PDF]

Gianaros, P. J., Sheu, L. K., Uyar, F., Koushik, J., Jennings, R., Wager, T. D., Singh, A., and Verstynen, T. D. (2017) A Brain Phenotype for Stressor‐Evoked Blood Pressure Reactivity. Journal of the American Heart Association. pii:e006053. PMID: 28835356 [PDF]

Kalisch, R., Baker, D.G., Basten, U.,  Boks, M.P., Bonanno, G.A., Brummelman, B., Chmitorz, A., Fernàndez, G., Fiebach, C.J., Galatzer-Levy, I., Geuze, E., Groppa, S., Helmreich, I., Hendler, T., Hermans, E.J., Jovanovic, T., Kubiak, T., Lieb, K., Lutz, B., Müller, M.B., Murray, R.J., Nievergelt, C.M., Reif, A.,  Roelofs, K., Rutten  B.P.F., Sander, D., Schick, A., Tüscher, O., Van Diest, I.,  van Harmelen, A.-L., Veer, I.M., Vermetten, E., H. Vinkers, C.H., Wager, T.D., Walter, H., Wessa, M., Wibral, M. &  Kleim, B. (2017) The resilience framework as a strategy to combat stress-related disorders: current challenges and future perspectives. Nature Human Behaviour. 784-790. PMID: 31024125. [PDF]

Cremers, H. R., Wager, T. D., & Yarkoni, T. (2017) The relation between statistical power and inference in fMRI. PLoS One, 12(11):e0184923. PMCID: PMC5695788. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Koban, L. & Wager, T. D. (2017) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Placebo Effects: Concepts, Predictions, and Physiology. Annul Review of Neuroscience. 40:167–188. PMID: 28399689. [PDF]

Davis, K. D., Flor, H., Greely, H. T., Iannetti, G. D., Mackey, S., Ploner, M., Pustilnik, A., Tracey, I., Treede, R-D. & Wager, T. D. (2017) Brain imaging tests for chronic pain: medical, legal and ethical issues and recommendations. Nature Reviews: Neurology. 13(10):624-638. PMID: 28884750. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Schmidt, L., Krishnan, A., Jepma, M., Roy, M., Lindquist, M. A., Atlas, L. Y. & Wager, T. D. (2017) Quantifying cerebral contributions to pain beyond nociception. Nature Communications. 8: 14211. PMCID: PMC5316889

[PDF], [Brain Model]

Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R. , Dimidjian, S. & Wager, T. D. (2017) Empathic Care and Distress: Predictive Brain Markers and Dissociable Brain Systems. Neuron. 94(6):1263-1273. PMCID: PMC5532453. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Chén, O. Y., Crainiceanu, C. M., Ogburn, E. L., Caffo, B. S., Wager, T. D., & Lindquist, M. A. (2017) High-dimensional Multivariate Mediation: with Application to Neuroimaging Data. Biostatistics. 19(2):121-136. PMCID: PMC5862274. [PDF]

Reynolds Losin, E. A., Anderson, S. R., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Feelings of Clinician-Patient Similarity and Trust Influence Pain: Evidence From Simulated Clinical Interactions. The Journal of Pain. 18(7):787-799. PMCID: PMC5590751. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Lindquist, M. A., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Fundamentals of Functional Neuroimaging. In: Handbook of Psychophysiology, 4th ed. (Cacioppo JT, Tassinary LG, Berntson GG, eds), pp 41-73. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]

Ashar, Y. K., Chang, L. J., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Brain and Psychological Mechanisms of the Placebo Effect: An Affective Appraisal Account. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. 3:73-98. PMID: 28375723. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Lopez-Sola, M., Woo, C. W., Pujol, J., Deus, J., Harrison, B. J., Monfort, J., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Towards a neurophysiological signature for fibromyalgia. Pain. 158(1):34-47. PMCID: PMC5161739. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Reddan, M. C., Lindquist, M. A., & Wager, T.D. (2017) Effect Size Estimation in Neuroimaging. JAMA Psychiatry. 74(3):207-208. PMID: 28099973. [PDF]

Zhu, X., Helpman, L., Papini, S., Schneier, F., Markowitz, J. C., Van Meter, P. E., Lindquist, M. A., Wager, T. D., & Neria, Y. (2017) Altered Resting-State Functional Connectivity of Fear and Reward Circuitry in Comorbid PTSD and Major Depression. Depression and Anxiety. 34(7):641-650. PMCID: PMC5667358. [PDF]


Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Dimidjian, S., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Towards a Neuroscience of Compassion: A Brain-Systems-Based Model and Research Agenda. Positive Neuroscience Handbook. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Koban, L., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Beyond conformity: Social influences on pain reports and physiology. Emotion. 16(1):24-32.PMCID: PMC4718820. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Woo, C. W., & Wager, T. D. (2016) What Reliability Can and Cannot Tell Us about Pain Report and Pain Neuroimaging. PAIN. 157(3)511-13. PMID: 26645548. [PDF]

Lindquist, K. A., Satpute, A. B., Wager, T. D., Weber, J., & Barrett, L. F. (2016) The brain basis of positive and negative affect: evidence from a meta-analysis of the human neuroimaging literature. Cerebral Cortex. 26(5):1910-1922. PMCID: PMC4830281. [PDF]

Spicer, J., Shimbo, D., Johnston, N., Harlapur, M., Purdie-Vaughns, V., Cook, J., Fu, J., Burg, M.M. & Wager, T.D., (2016) Prevention of Stress-Provoked Endothelial Injury by Values Affirmation: a Proof of Principle Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 50(3):471-479.PMCID: PMC5087990. [PDF]

Pauli, W. M., O’Reilly, R. C., Yarkoni, T., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Regional specialization within the human striatum for diverse psychological functions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(7):1907-1912. PMCID: PMC4763751. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Panta, S. R., Wang, R., Fries, J., Kalyanam, R., Speer, N., Banich, M., Kiehl, K., King, M., Milham, M., Wager, T. D., Turner, J. A., Plis, S. M., & Calhoun, V. D.  (2016) A Tool for Interactive Data Visualization: Application to Over 10,000 Brain Imaging and Phantom MRI Data Sets. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics. 10:9. PMCID: PMC4791544. [PDF]

Zaki, J., Wager, T. D., Singer, T., Keysers, C., & Gazzola, V. (2016) The anatomy of suffering: Understanding the relationship between nociceptive and empathic pain. Trends in cognitive sciences. 20(4):249-259. PMCID: PMC5521249. [PDF]

Vachon-Presseau, E., Roy, M., Woo, C. W., Kunz, M., Martel, M. O., Sullivan, M. J., Jackson, P. L., Wager, T.D., Rainville, P. (2016) Multiple faces of pain: Effects of chronic pain on the brain regulation of facial expression. Pain. 157(8):1819-30. PMCID: PMC5988359. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. Y., Botvinick, M.M., Chang, L. J., Coghill, R. C., Davis, K.D., Iannetti, G.D., Poldrack, R.A., Shackman, A.J. & Yarkoni, T. (2016) Pain in the ACC? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(18): E2474-E2475. PMCID: PMC4983860. [PDF]

Ma, Y., Wang, C., Luo, S., Li, B., Wager, T. D., Zhang, W., Rao, Y. & Han, S. (2016) Serotonin transporter polymorphism alters citalopram effects on human pain responses to physical pain. NeuroImage. 135:186-196. PMID: 27132044. [PDF]

Zunhammer, M., Bingel, U., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Issues in Pain Prediction? More Gain than Pain. Trends in Neurosciences. 39(10):639-640. PMID: 27503637. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Cunningham, J. T., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Disentangling opposing effects of motivational states on pain perception. Pain Reports. 1(3). PMCID: PMC5061130. [PDF]

Eisenbarth, H., Chang, L. J., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Multivariate Brain Prediction of Heart Rate and Skin Conductance Responses to Social Threat. The Journal of Neuroscience. 36(47):11987-11998. PMCID: PMC5125248. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Helpman, L., Marin, M. F., Papini, S., Zhu, X., Sullivan, G. M., Schneier, F., Neria, M.,  Shvil, E., Malaga Aragon, M. J., Markowitz, J. C., Lindquist, M. A., Wager, T. D., Milad, M. & Neria, Y. (2016) Neural Changes in Extinction Recall Following Prolonged Exposure Treatment for PTSD: A Longitudinal fMRI Study. NeuroImage . 12:715–723. PMCID: PMC5065048. [PDF]

Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Yarkoni, T., Sills, J., Halifax, J., Dimidjian, S., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Effects of Compassion Meditation on a Psychological Model of Charitable Donation. Emotion. 16(5):691-705. PMID: 27018610. [PDF], [Paradigm]

de la Vega, A., Chang, L. J., Banich, M. T., Wager, T. D., & Yarkoni, T. (2016) Large-Scale Meta-Analysis of Human Medial Frontal Cortex Reveals Tripartite Functional Organization. The Journal of Neuroscience. 36(24):6553-6562. PMCID: PMC5015787. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Krishnan, A., Woo, C. W., Chang, L. J., Ruzic, L., Gu, X., Lopez-Sola, M., Jackson, P. L., Pujol, J., Fan, J. & Wager, T. D. (2016) Somatic and vicarious pain are represented by dissociable multivariate brain patterns. eLife. 5:e15166. PMCID: PMC4907690. [PDF], [Brain Model]


Wager, T. D. (2015) Using Neuroimaging to Understand Pain: Pattern Recognition and the Path from Brain Mapping to Mechanisms. In: Apkarian, V. (Eds.) The Brain Adapting with Pain. Wolters Kluwer Press. [PDF]

Chén, O. Y., Crainiceanu, C. M., Ogburn, E. L., Caffo, B. S., Wager, T. D., & Lindquist, M. A. (2015) High-dimensional Multivariate Mediation: with Application to Neuroimaging Data. Biostatsica. 19(2):121-136. PMCID: PMC5862274. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Roy, M., Buhle, J. T. & Wager, T. D. (2015) Distinct brain systems mediate the effects of nociceptive input and self-regulation on pain. PLoS Biology. 13(1): e1002036. PMCID: PMC4285399. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Olsson A., Kross, E., Nordberg, S. S., Weinberg, A., Weber, J., Schmer-Galunder, S., Fossella, J., Wager, T. D., Bonanno, G.A., & Ochsner, K. (2015) Neural and genetic markers of vulnerability to posttraumatic stress symptoms among survivors of the World Trade Center attacks. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10(6): 863–868. PMCID: PMC4448027. [PDF]

Van Snellenberg, J., Slifstein, M., Read, C., Weber, J. L., Thompson, J., Wager, T. D., Shohamy, D., Abi-Dargham, A. & Smith, E. E. (2015) Dynamic Shifts in Brain Network Activation During Supracapacity Working Memory Task Performance. Human Brain Mapping. 36(4):1245-64. PMCID: PMC4722876. [PDF]

Chang, L. J., Reddan, M., Ashar, Y. K., Eisenbarth, H., & Wager, T. D. (2015) The challenges of forecasting resilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 38. PMID: 26785725. [PDF]

Robinson, L. F., Atlas, L. Y., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Dynamic functional connectivity using state-based dynamic community structure: Method and application to opioid analgesia. NeuroImage. 108, 274-291. PMID: 25534114. [PDF]

Raison C. L., Hale M. W., Williams L.E., Wager T. D. & Lowry C. A. (2015) Somatic influences on subjective well-being and affective disorders: the convergence of thermosensory and central serotonergic systems. Frontiers in Psychology. 5:1580. PMCID: PMC4292224. [PDF]

Kaiser, R. H., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Wager, T. D., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2015) Large-scale network dysfunction in major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of resting-state functional connectivity. JAMA Psychiatry. 72(6), 603-611. PMCID: PMC4456260. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Colloca, L. & Wager T. D. (2015) Conditioned placebo analgesia persists when subjects know they are receiving a placebo. Journal of Pain. 16(5):412-20. PMCID: PMC4424173. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Wager, T. D. & Woo, C. W. (2015) fMRI in analgesic drug discovery. Science Translational Medicine. 7(274):274fs6. PMID: 25673760. [PDF]

Yamamoto, D. J., Woo, C. W., Wager, T. D., Regner, M. F., & Tanabe, J. (2015) Influence of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and ventral striatum on risk avoidance in addiction: A mediation analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 149, 10-17. PMCID: PMC4361089. [PDF]

Reynolds Losin, E. A., Woo, C. W., Krishnan, A., Wager, T. D., Iacoboni, M., & Dapretto, M. (2015) Brain and psychological mediators of imitation: sociocultural versus physical traits. Culture and Brain. 3(2):93-111. [PDF]

Gianaros, P. J., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Brain-body pathways linking psychological stress and physical health. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 24(4):313-321. PMCID: PMC4535428. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Wager, T. D., Mercado Jr, R. A., Thayer, J. F., Allen, J. J., & Lane, R. D. (2015) Partial Amelioration of Medial Visceromotor Network Dysfunction in Major Depression by Sertraline. Psychosomatic Medicine. 77(7), 752-761. PMID: 26258459. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Neuroimaging-based biomarker discovery and validation. PAIN. 156(8):1379-1381. PMCID: PMC4504798. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., & Atlas, L. Y. (2015) The neuroscience of placebo effects: connecting context, learning and health. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 16(7):403-418. PMCID: PMC6013051. [PDF]

Chang, L. J., Gianaros, P. J., Manuck, S. B., Krishnan, A., & Wager, T. D. (2015) A Sensitive and Specific Neural Signature for Picture-Induced Negative Affect. PLoS Biology. 13(6): e1002180. PMCID: PMC4476709. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Yarkoni, T., Ashar, Y. K., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Interactions between donor Agreeableness and recipient characteristics in predicting charitable donation and positive social evaluation. PeerJ. 3: e1089. PMCID: PMC4548474. [PDF]

Woo, C. W. & Wager, T. D. (2015) The predictive mapping approach in neuroimaging. Advances in Computational Psychophysiology. Science. 350 (6256), 114. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A., Krishnan, A., Lopez-Sola, M., Jepma, M., Woo, C. W., Koban, L., Roy, M., Atlas, L. Y., Schmidt, L., Chang, L. J. & Reynolds Losin, E. A. (2015) Group-regularized individual prediction: theory and application to pain. NeuroImage. 145(Pt B):274-287. PMCID: PMC5071107. [PDF]

Jepma, M. & Wager, T. D. (2015) Conceptual Conditioning: Mechanisms Mediating Conditioning Effects on Pain. Psychological Science. 26(11):1728-39. PMCID: PMC4646733. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Kang. J., Johnson, T. D., Nichols, T. E., Satpute, A. B. & Feldman, Barret, L. (2015) A Bayesian Model of Category-Specific Emotional Brain Responses. PLoS Computational Biology. 11(4): e1004066. PMCID: PMC4390279. [PDF], [Brain Model]


Buhle, J., Silvers, J.A., Wager, T.D., Lopez, R., Onyemekwu, C., Kober, H., Weber, J. & Ochsner, K.N. (2013) Cognitive reappraisal of emotion: A meta-analysis of human neuroimaging studies. Cerebral Cortex. 24(11):2981-90. PMCID: PMC4193464. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Atlas, L. Y., Wielgosz, J., Whittington, R. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Specifying the non-specific factors underlying opioid analgesia: Expectancy, attention, and affect. Psychopharmacology. 231(5):813-23. PMCID: PMC3945427. [PDF]

Cordes, D., Nandy, R.R., Schafer, S. & Wager, T.D. (2014) Characterization and Reduction of Cardiac- and Respiratory- Induced Noise as a Function of the Sampling Rate (TR) in fMRI Corresponding. NeuroImage. 89: 314–330. PMCID: PMC4209749. [PDF]

Roy, M., Shohamy, D., Daw, N., Jepma, M., Wimmer, G. E., & Wager, T. D. (2014) Representation of aversive prediction errors in the human periaqueductal gray. Nature Neuroscience. 17(11), 1607-1612. PMCID: PMC4213247. [PDF], [Paradigm] 

Schmidt, L., Braun, E. K., Wager, T. D., & Shohamy, D. (2014) Mind matters: Placebo enhances reward learning in Parkinson’s disease. Nature Neuroscience. 17(12):1793-7. PMCID: PMC4503317. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Woo, C. W., Koban, L., Kross, E., Lindquist, M. A., Banich, M. T., Ruzic, L., Andrews-Hanna, J. R. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Separate Neural Representations for Physical Pain and Social Rejection. Nature Communications. 5:5380. PMCID: PMC4285151. [PDF], [Brain Model]

van Ast, V. A., Spicer, J., Smith, E. E., Schmer-Galunder, S., Liberzon, I., Abelson, J. L. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Brain mechanisms of social threat effects on working memory. Cerebral Cortex. 26(2):544-556. PMCID: PMC4712793. [PDF], [Paradigm]

Lopez-Sola, M., Pujol, J., Wager, T. D., Garcia-Fontanals, A., Blanco-Hinojo, L., Garcia-Blanco, S., Poca-Dias, V., Harrison, B. J., Contreras-Rodriguez, O., Monfort, J., Garcia-Fructuoso, F. & Deus J. (2014) Altered fMRI responses to non-painful sensory stimulation in fibromyalgia patients. Arthritis & Rheumatology. 66(11):3200-9. PMCID: PMC4410766 [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Krishnan, A. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Cluster-extent based thresholding in fMRI analyses: Pitfalls and recommendations. Neuroimage. 91:412-9. PMCID: PMC4214144. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Gianaros, P. J. (2014) The Social Brain, Stress, and Psychopathology. JAMA psychiatry. 71(6):622-624. PMID: 24740473. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y. & Wager, T. D. (2014) A Meta-analysis of Brain Mechanisms of Placebo Analgesia: Consistent Findings and Unanswered Questions. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. 225:37-69. PMID: 25304525. [PDF].

Jepma, M., Jones, M., & Wager, T.D. (2014) The dynamics of pain: Evidence for simultaneous site-specific habituation and site-nonspecific sensitization in thermal pain. The Journal of Pain. 15(7):734-46. PMCID: PMC4083082. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Lindquist, M. A., Bolger, N., & Wager, T. D. (2014) Brain mediators of the effects of noxious heat on pain. PAIN. 155(8), 1632-1648. PMCID: PMC4104234. [PDF]

Xue, W., Kang, J., Bowman, F. D., Wager, T. D., & Guo, J. (2014) Identifying functional co-activation patterns in neuroimaging studies via poisson graphical models. Biometrics. 70(4):812-822. PMCID: PMC4276452. [PDF]

Silvers, J. A., Wager, T. D., Weber, J., & Ochsner, K. N. (2014) The neural bases of uninstructed negative emotion modulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10(1):10-8. PMCID: PMC4994839. [PDF]

Insel, C., Reinen, J., Weber, J., Wager, T. D., Jarskog, L. F., Shohamy, D., & Smith, E. E. (2014) Antipsychotic dose modulates behavioral and neural responses to feedback during reinforcement learning in schizophrenia. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 14(1):189-201. PMID: 24557585. [PDF]

Reinen, J., Smith, E. E., Insel, C., Kribs, R., Shohamy, D., Wager, T. D. & Jarskog, L. F. (2014) Patients with schizophrenia are impaired when learning in the context of pursuing rewards. Schizophrenia Research. 152(1):309-10. PMID: 24332796. [PDF]

Kang, J., Nichols, T. E., Wager, T. D., & Johnson, T. D. (2014) A Bayesian hierarchical spatial point process model for multi-type neuroimaging meta-analysis. The Annals of Applied Statistics. 8(3):1800–1824. PMCID: PMC4241351. [PDF]

Schambra, H. M., Bikson, M., Wager, T. D., DosSantos, M. F., & DaSilva, A. F. (2014) It’s all in your head: reinforcing the placebo response with tDCS. Brain Stimulation7(4): 623–624. PMCID: PMC4108558. [PDF]

Cremers, H. R., Veer, I. M., Spinhoven, P., Rombouts, S. A. R. B., Yarkoni, T., Wager, T. D., & Roelofs, K. (2015) Altered cortical-amygdala coupling in social anxiety disorder during the anticipation of giving a public speech. Psychological Medicine. 45(7):1521-9. PMCID: PMC6892398. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Principles of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis. London: Chapman & Hall, CRC Press. [PDF]

Shvil, E., Sullivan, G. M., Schafer, S., Markowitz, J. C., Campeas, M., Wager, T. D., & Neria, Y. (2014). Sex differences in extinction recall in posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot fMRI study. Neurobiology of learning and memory, 113, 101-108. PMCID: PMC4053517. [PDF]  



Wager, T. D., Fields, H. (2013) Placebo analgesia. In: Wall, P. D., Melzack, R. (Eds.), Textbook of Pain. 362-373. [PDF]

Jepma, M., & Wager, T. D. (2013) Multiple potential mechanisms for context effects on pain. PAIN. 154(5):629-3. PMCID: PMC4057098. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Atlas, L. Y. (2013) How Is Pain Influenced by Cognition? Neuroimaging Weighs In. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 8(1):91-97. PMCID: PMC3994173. [PDF]

Poldrack, R.A., Barch, D.M., Mitchell, J., Wager, T.D., Wagner, A.D., Devlin, J.T., Cumba, C., Koyejo, O. & Milham, M. (2013) Towards open sharing of task-based fMRI data: The OpenfMRI project. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics. 7:12. PMCID: PMC3703526. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y. & Wager, T. D. (2013) Expectations and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience In: Ochsner, K.N. & Kosslyn, S.M. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 2: The Cutting Edges. Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Plassmann, H. and Wager, T.D. (2013) How Expectancies Shape Consumption Experiences. In: Preston, Knuston, Kringelbach (Eds), Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption. [PDF]

Cribben, I., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2013) Detecting functional connectivity change points for single-subject fMRI data. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 7:143. PMCID: PMC3812660. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Spicer, J., Insler, R. & Smith, E. E., (2013) The neural bases of distracter-resistant working memory. Cognitive Affective Behavioral Neuroscience. 14(1):90-105. PMCID: PMC3972280. [PDF]

Satpute, A. B., Wager, T. D., Wald, L. L., Cohen-Adad, J., Bianciardi, M., Choi, J. K., Buhle, J. T. & Barrett, L. F. (2013) Identification of discrete functional sub-regions of the human periaqueductal gray. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110 (42)17101-17106. PMCID: PMC3801046. [PDF]

Outhred, T., Hawkshead, B. E., Wager, T. D., Das, P., Malhi, G. S., & Kemp, A. H. (2013) Acute neural effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors versus noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors on emotion processing: Implications for differential treatment efficacy. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 37(8):1786-1800. PMID: 23886514. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. T., Lindquist, M. A., Roy, M., Choong-Wan, W. & Kross, E. (2013) An fMRI-Based Neurologic Signature of Physical Pain. The New England Journal of Medicine. 368:1388-1397. PMID: 23574118. [PDF], [Brain Model], [Supplementary materials].


Lindquist, K. A., Wager, T. D., Kober, H., Mliss-Moreau, E. & Barrett, L. F. (2012) The Brain Basis of Emotion: A meta-analytic review. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 35(3):121-143. PMID: 22617651. [PDF]

Thayer, J. F., Ahs, F., Fredrikson, M., Sollers, J. J. III, Wager, T. D. (2012). A meta-analysis of heart rate variability and neuroimaging studies: Implications for heart rate variability as a marker of stress and health. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 36(2):747-756. PMID: 22178086. [PDF]

Lindquist, M.A., Spicer, J., Asllani, I., &Wager, T.D. (2012) Estimating and testing variance components in a multi-level GLM. Neuroimage. 59(1):490-501. PMCID: PMC3195889. [PDF]

Buhle, J. T., Stevens, B. L., Friedman, J. J. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Distraction and Placebo: Two Separate Routes to Pain Control. Psychological Science. 23(3)246-53 PMID: 22261568. [PDF]

Lindquist, K. A., Wager, T. D., Bliss-Moreau, E., Kober, H., Barrett, L. F. (2012). What are emotions and how are they created in the brain? Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 35(3):172-202. PMID: 22783560. [PDF]

Roy, M., Shohamy, D. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Ventromedial prefrontal-subcortical systems and the generation of affective meaning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 16(3):147-156. PMCID: PMC3318966. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Yarkoni, T. (2012) Establishing homology between monkey and human brains. Nature Methods. 9(3): 237-239. PMID: 22348890. [PDF]

Buhle, J. T., Kober, H., Ochsner K. N., Mende-Siedlecki, P., Weber, J., Hughes, B., Kross, E., Atlas, L. Y., McRae, K. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Common representation of pain and negative emotion in the midbrain periaqueductal gray. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 8(6):609-16.PMCID: PMC3739905. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Wager, T. D. (2012) How expectations shape pain. Neuroscience Letters. 520(2):140-148. PMID: 22465136. [PDF]

Denny, B., Kober, H., Wager, T. D. & Ochsner, K. N. (2012) A Meta-Analysis of Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Self and Other Judgments Reveals a Spatial Gradient for Mentalizing in Medial Prefrontal Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Cribben, I., Haraldsdottir, R., Atlas, L. Y., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2012). Dynamic connectivity regression: Determining state-related changes in brain connectivity. NeuroImage. 61(4):907-920. PMID: 22484408. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Whittington, R., Lindquist, M., Wielgosz, J., Sonty, N. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Dissociable influences of opiates and expectations on pain. The Journal of Neuroscience. 32(23):8053-8064. PMCID: PMC3387557 [PDF]  

Johnston, N. E., Atlas, L. Y., & Wager, T. D. (2012) Opposing effects of expectancy and somatic focus on pain. PLoS One. 7(6):e38854. PMCID: PMC3378588. 9(4):403-411. PMID: 23202664, PMCID: PMC3989121. [PDF]

Denny, B. T., Ochsner, K. N., Weber, J., & Wager, T. D. (2012) Anticipatory brain activity predicts the success or failure of subsequent emotion regulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF] 


Koban, L., Ruzic, L., & Wager, T. D. (2011) Brain Predictors of Individual Differences in Placebo Responding. In L. Colloca, M. A. Flaten & K. Meissner (Eds.), Placebo and Pain: Elsevier/Academic Press. The Journal of Neuroscience 31(2): 439–452.  PMCID: PMC3735131. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. Y., Leotti, L. A., & Rilling, J. K. (2011) Predicting individual differences in placebo analgesia: Contributions of brain activity during anticipation and pain experience. The Journal of Neuroscience. 31(2):439-452. NIHMSID: NIHMS355850 PMID: 21228154. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Kross, E., Berman, M. G., Mischel, W., Smith, E. E. & Wager, T. D. (2011) Social Rejection Shares Somatosensory Representations with Physical Pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108(15):6270-5. PMCID: PMC3076808. [PDF], [Paradigm] 

Kross, E., Berman, M. G., Mischel, W., Smith, E. E., & Wager, T. D. (2011). Reply to Iannetti and Mouraux: What functional MRI responses to physical pain tell us about why social rejection “hurts”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(30), E344-E344. [PDF]

Miele, D. B., Wager, T. D., Mitchell, J. P. & Metcalfe, J. (2011) Dissociating Neural Correlates of Action Monitoring and Metacognition of Agency. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23(11): 3620-3636. PMID: 21563889.[PDF], [Brain Model]

Grinband, J., Savitskaya, J., Wager, T.D., Teichert, T., Ferrera, V.P., & Hirsch, J. (2012) The dorsal medial frontal cortex is sensitive to time on task, not response conflict or error likelihood. Neuroimage. 57(2):303-11. PMCID: PMC3114292. [PDF]

Grinband, J., Savitskaya, J., Wager, T.D., Teichert, T., Ferrera, V.P., & Hirsch, J., Conflict, error likelihood, and RT: Response to Brown & Yeung et al. Neuroimage. 57(2):320-2. PMID: 21554960. [PDF]

Kang, J., Johnson, T. D., Nichols, T. E. & Wager, T. D. (2011). Meta-Analysis of Functional Neuroimaging Data via Bayesian Spatial Point Processes. JASA. 106(493):124-134. PMCID: PMC3119536. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2011). Essentials of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. In: Decety, J., Cacioppo, J. T. (Eds.), Handbook of Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R. A., Nichols, T. E., Van Essen, D. C., & Wager, T. D. (2011) Large-scale automated synthesis of human functional neuroimaging data. Nature Methods. 8:665-670. PMCID: PMC3146590. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Meissner, K., Bingel, U., Colloca, L., Wager, T., Watson, A. & Flaten, M. (2011) The placebo effect: advances from different methodological approaches. The Journal of Neuroscience. 31(45):16117–16124. PMCID: PMC3242469.[PDF], [Brain Model]

Link, B. V., Kos, B., Wager, T. D., & Mozer, M. (2011) Past experience influences judgment of pain: Prediction of sequential dependencies. In Expanding the space of cognitive science: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1248-1253). [PDF]


Colloca, L., Petrovic, P., Wager. T. D., Ingvar, M., & Benedetti, F. (2010) How the number of learning trials affects placebo and nocebo responses. PAIN. 151(2):430-439. PMCID: PMC2955814. [PDF]

Buhle, J., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Does meditation training lead to enduring changes in the anticipation and experience of pain? PAIN. 150:382-3. PMID: 20546996. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Roy, M. (2010) Separate mechanisms for placebo and opiate analgesia? PAIN. 150:8-9. PMID: 20347523. [PDF]

Buhle, J. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Performance-dependent inhibition of pain by an executive working memory task. PAIN. 149:19-26. NIHMS157612. PMID: 20129735. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Bolger, N., Lindquist, M.A. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Brain Mediators of Predictive Cue Effects on Perceived Pain. The Journal of Neuroscience. 30:12964-12977. PMCID: PMC2966558. [PDF]

Leotti, L. A. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Motivational influences on response inhibition measures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 36(2):430-47. PMID: 20364928. [PDF]

Rutherford, B. R., Wager, T. D., & Roose, S. P. (2010) Expectancy and the Treatment of Depression: A Review of Experimental Methodology and Effects on Patient Outcome. Current Psychiatry Reviews. 6(1):1-10. PMCID: PMC4011659. [PDF]

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R. A., Van Essen, D. C., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Cognitive neuroscience 2.0: building a cumulative science of human brain function. Trends Cognitive Science. 14(11):489-496. PMCID: PMC2963679. [PDF]

Buhle, J., Wager, T. D., & Smith, E. E. (2010) Using the Stroop Task to study emotion regulation. In: Hassin, R. R., Oschner, K. N., Trope, T. (Eds.), Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain. [PDF]

Kober, H., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Meta-analyses of neuroimaging data. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 1(2): 293-300. PMID: 24052810. [PDF]

Etkin, A., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Brain systems underlying anxiety disorders: a view from neuroimaging. In: Simpson, H. B., Schneier, F., Neria, Y., Lewis-Fernandez, R. (Eds.), Anxiety Disorders: Theory, Research and Clinical Perspectives (Cambridge Medicine). [PDF]

Robinson, L.F., Wager, T.D., & Lindquist, M.A., Changepoint estimation in multi-subject fMRI studies. Neuroimage. 49(2):1581-92. PMID: 19733671. [PDF]


Lane, R. D. & Wager, T. D.. (2009) The new field of Brain-Body Medicine: what have we learned and where are we headed? Neuroimage. 47:1135-40. PMID: 19524045 . [PDF]

Lane, R. D. & Wager, T. D. (2009) Introduction to a special issue of Neuroimage on brain-body medicine. Neuroimage. 47:1-4. PMID: 19524045. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Waugh, C. E., Lindquist, M., Noll, D. C., Fredrickson, B. L. & Taylor, S. F.. (2009) Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat: part I: Reciprocal dorsal and ventral sub-regions of the medial prefrontal cortex and heart-rate reactivity. Neuroimage. 47:821-35. PMCID: PMC3275821. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., van Ast, V. A., Hughes B. L., Davidson, M. L., Lindquist, M. A. & Ochsner, K. N. (2009) Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat, part II: Prefrontal-subcortical pathways and relationship with anxiety. Neuroimage. 47:836-51. PMID: 19465135. [PDF]

Lane, R. D., Waldstein, S. R., Critchley, H. D., Derbyshire, S. W., Drossman, D. A., Wager, T. D., Schneiderman, N., Chesney, M. A., Jennings, J. R., Lovallo, W. R., Rose, R. M., Thayer, J. F. & Cameron, O. G. (2009) The rebirth of neuroscience in psychosomatic medicine, Part II: clinical applications and implications for research. Psychosomatic Medicine. 71:135-51. PMID: 19196806. [PDF]

Salimi-Khorshidi, G., Smith, S. M., Keltner, J. R., Wager, T. D. & Nicholos, T. E. (2009) Meta-analysis of neuroimaging data: a comparison of image-based and coordinate-based pooling of studies. Neuroimage. 45:810-23. PMID: 19166944. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A., Meh Loh, J., Atlas, L. Y. & Wager T. D. (2009) Modeling the hemodynamic response function in fMRI: efficiency, bias and mis-modeling. Neuroimage. 45:187-98. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A., Nichols, H., Kober, H. & Van Snellenberg, J. X.. (2009) Evaluating the consistency and specificity of neuroimaging data using meta-analysis. Neuroimage. 45(1): S210-S221. NIHMSID: NIHMS355887 PMCID: PMC3318962. [PDF]

Lieberman, M. D., Berkman, E. T., & Wager, T. D. (2009) Correlations in Social Neuroscience Aren’t Voodoo: Commentary on Vul et al. (2009) Perspectives on Psychological Science. 4:299-307. PMID: 19524045. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y. & Wager. T. D. (2009) Placebo effects. In: Encyclopedia of consciousness. [PDF]

Wager. T. D., Lindquist, M., & Hernandez, L. (2009) Essentials of functional neuroimaging. In: Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. [PDF]

Van Snellenberg, J.X. & Wager, T.D. (2009) Cognitive and Motivational Functions of the Human Prefrontal Cortex. In: E. Goldberg and D. Bougakov, (Eds.), Luria’s Legacy in the 21st Century. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y., Wager. T. D., Dahl, K. & Smith, E. E. (2009) Placebo effects. In: Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y. & Wager. T. D. (2009) The neural bases of placebo effects. In: Imagination and Medic. [PDF]


Waugh, C. E., Wager, T. D., Fredrickson, B. L., Noll, D. C., Taylor, S. F.. (2008) The neural correlates of trait resilience when anticipating and recovering from threat. Social Cognitive and Affect Neuroscience. 3:322-32. PMID: 19015078.[PDF]

Wager, T. D., Davidson, M. L., Hughes, B. L., Lindquist, M. A. & Ochsner, K. N. (2008) Prefrontal-subcortical pathways mediating successful emotion regulation. Neuron. 59:1037-50. PMID: 18817740. [PDF]

Grinband, J., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M., Ferrera, V. P. & Hirsch, J. (2008) Detection of time-varying signals in event-related fMRI designs. Neuroimage. 43:509-20. PMID: 18775784. [PDF]

Kober, H., Barrett, L. F., Joseph, J., Bliss-Moreau, E., Londquist, K. & Wager T. D.. (2008) Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies. Neuroimage. 42:998-1031.  PMID: 18579414. [PDF], [Brain Models]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2008) Spatial smoothing in fMRI using prolate spheroidal wave functions. Human Brain Mapping. 29:1276-87. NIHMSID: NIHMS355898 PMCID: PMC3318970. [PDF]

Purkayastha, S., Wager, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2008) Inferring individual differences in fMRI: Finding brain regions with significant within-subject correlation. Statistica Sinica. 18:1483-1500. [PDF]

Loh, J. M., Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2008) Residual Analysis for Detecting Mis-modeling in fMRI. Statistica Sinica. 18:1421-1448. [PDF]

Lindquist, M.A., Waugh, C., & Wager, T.D. (2007) Modeling state-related fMRI activity using change-point theory. NeuroImage. 35(3): 1125-1141. PMID: 17360198. [PDF] 

Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Bliss-Moreau, E., Lindquist, K., Duncan, S., Kober, H., et al. (2008). The Neuroimaging of Emotion. In M. Lewis (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. & Kaplan, L. (2007) Meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging data: current and future directions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2:150-158. PMID: 18985131. [PDF]

Zaki, J., Ochsner, K. N., Hanelin, J., Wager, T. D. & Mackey, S. C. (2007) Different circuits for different pain: patterns of functional connectivity reveal distinct networks for processing pain in self and others. Social Neuroscience. 2:276-91. PMID: 18633819. [PDF]

Etkin, A. & Wager, T. D.. (2007) Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia. American Journal of Psychiatry. 164:1476-88. NIHMSID: NIHMS357021 PMID: 17898336. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Stern, E. R., Wager, T. D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J. & Mangels, J. A. (2007) Preparatory neural activity predicts performance on a conflict task. Brain Research. 1176:92-102. [PDF]

Nee, D. E., Wager, T. D. & Jonides, J. (2007) Interference resolution: insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging tasks. Cognitive and Affective Behavioural Neuroscience. 1:1-17. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Lindquist, M. A., Waugh, C. & Wager, T. D. (2007) Modeling state-related fMRI activity using change-point theory. Neuroimage. 35:1125-41. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D.. (2007). Validity and power in hemodynamic response modeling: a comparison study and a new approach. Human Brain Mapping. 8:764-84. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Scott, D. J. & Zubieta, J. K. (2007) Placebo effects on human mu-opioid activity during pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104:11056-11061. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Hernandez, L., Jonides, J., & Lindquist, M. (2007) Elements of functional neuroimaging. In J. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of Psychophysiology (4th ed., pp. 19-55). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Jonides, J., Smith, E. E. (2006) Individual differences in multiple types of shifting attention. Memory & Cognition. 8:1730-43. PMID: 17489298. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Matre, D., Casey, K. L. (2006) Placebo effects in laser-evoked pain potentials. Brain Behaviour, and Immunity. 3:219-30. PMCID: PMC3735137. [PDF]

Feldmann-Barrett, L. & Wager, T. D. (2006) The Structure of Emotion: Evidence from neuroimaging studies. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 15(2):79-83. [PDF]

Summerfield, C., Greene, M., Wager, T. D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J., Mangels, J. (2006) Neocortical connectivity during episodic memory formation. PLoS Biol. 4(5):c128. PMCID: PMC1436028. [PDF]

Wager, T.D. (2006) Do We Need to Study the Brain to Understand the Mind? APS Observer. 19(9):25-27. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. (2005) The neural bases of placebo effects. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 14(4):175-179. [PDF]

Benedetti, F., Mayberg, H. S., Wager, T. D., Stohler, C. S. & Zubieta, J. K. (2005) Neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect. The Journal of Neuroscience. 45:10390-402. PMCID: PMC6725834. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Jonides, J., Smith, E. E. & Nichols, T. E. (2005) Toward a taxonomy of attention shifting: individual differences in fMRI during multiple shift types. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 2:127-43. PMID: 16180620. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Sylvester, C. Y., Lacey S. C., Nee, D. E., Franklin, M. & Jonides, J. (2005) Common and unique components of response inhibition revealed by fMRI. Neuroimage. 27:323-40. PMID: 16019232. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Keller, M. C., Lacey, S. C. & Jonides, J. (2005) Increased sensitivity in neuroimaging analyses using robust regression. Neuroimage. 26:99-113. PMID: 15862210. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Vazquez, A., Hernandez, l. & Noll, D. C. (2005) Accounting for nonlinear BOLD effects in fMRI: parameter estimates and a model for prediction in rapid event-related studies. Neuroimage. 25:206-18. PMID: 15734356. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Ochsner, K. N. (2005) Sex differences in the emotional brain. Neuroreport. 16:85-7. PMID: 15671851. [PDF]

Keller, M. C., Fredrickson, B. L., Ybarra, O., Cote, S., Johnson, K., Mikels, J. & Wager, T. D. (2005) A warm heart and a clear head: the effects of weather on human mood and cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. PMID: 16137259. [PDF]

Nichols, T., Brett, M., Anderson, J., Wager, T. D. & Poline, J. B. (2005) Valid conjunction inference with the minimum statistic. Neuroimage. 25(3):653-660. PMID: 15808966. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2005) The neural bases of placebo effects in anticipation and pain. Seminars in Pain Medicine. 3(1):22-30. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2005) Expectations and anxiety as mediators of placebo effects in pain. PAIN. 115(3):225-226. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Nitschke, J. (2005) Placebo effects in the brain: Linking mental and physiological processes. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 19:281-282. PMID: 15908179. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Jonides, J. & Reading, S. (2004) Neuroimaging studies of shifting attention: a meta-analysis. Neuroimage. 4:1679-93. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Phan, K. L., Wager, T. D., Taylor, S. F. & Liberzon I. (2004) Functional neuroimaging studies of human emotions. CNS Spectrums. 4:258-66. PMID: 15048050. [PDF]

Taylor, S. F., Welsh, R. C., Wager, T. D., Phan, K. L., Fitzgerald, K. D. & Gehring, W. J.. (2004) A functional neuroimaging study of motivation and executive function. Neuroimage. 3:1045-54. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Rilling, J. K., Smith, E. E., Sokolik, A., Casey, K. L., Davidson, R. J., Kosslyn S. M., Rose, R. M., Cohen, J. D. (2004) Placebo-induced changes in FMRI in the anticipation and experience of pain. Science. 303:1162-7. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Barrett, L. F. (2004) From affect to control: Functional specialization of the insula in motivation and regulation. bioRxiv [PDF]

Wager, T. (2004) Painful deception – Response. Science. 304:1110-1111. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. & Smith, E. E.(2003) Neuroimaging studies of working memory: a meta-analysis. Cognitive and Affective Behavioral Neuroscience. 4:255-74. PMID: 15040547. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Wager, T. D., Phan, K. L., Liberzon, I. & Taylor, S. F. (2003) Valence, gender, and lateralization of functional brain anatomy in emotion: a meta-analysis of findings from neuroimaging. Neuroimage. 19:513-31. PMID: 12880784. [PDF], [Brain Model]

Wager, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2003) Optimization of experimental design in fMRI: a general framework using a genetic algorithm. Neuroimage. 18:293-309. [PDF]

Slyvester, C. Y., Wager, T. D., Lacey, S. C., Hernandez, L., Nochols, T. E., Smith E. E. & Jonides, J.. (2003) Switching attention and resolving interference: fMRI measures of executive functions. Neuropsychologia. 41:357-70. PMID: 12457760. [PDF]

Jonides, J., Sylvester, C. Y. C., Lacey, S .C., Wager, T. D., Nichols, T.E. and Awh, E. (2003). Modules of Working Memory. In R. H. Kluwe, G. Luer, and F. Rosler (Eds.). Principles of Working Memory. Boston: Birkhaeuser Publishing Ltd. [PDF]


Phan, K. L., Wager, T. D., Taylor, S. F. & Liberzon, I. (2002) Functional Neuroanatomy of Emotion: A Meta-Analysis of Emotion Activation Studies in PET and fMRI. NeuroImage. 16:331-348.  PMID: 12030820. [PDF]

Hernandez, L., Wager, T.D., & Jonides, J.  (2002). Introduction to Functional Brain Imaging.  In: John Wixted and Hal Pashler (Eds.), Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Third Edition, Volume 4:  Methodology in Experimental Psychology (pp. 175-221). New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. . [PDF]

Jonides, J., Wager, T.D., & Badre, D.T. (2002) Neuroimaging Studies of Memory. In: Encyclopedia of the Human Brain. San Diego: Academic Press. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. (2001) Life after gifted education: A reflection on what ‘giftedness’ means. [PDF]


Miyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Emerson, M. J., Witzki, A. H., Howerter, A. & Wager, T. D. (2000) The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “Frontal Lobe” tasks: a latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology. 41:49-100. PMID: 10945922. [PDF]