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Wager, T. D. & Lindquist, M. A. Principles of fMRI. [PDF]


Borsook, D., Upadhyay, J., Hargreaves, R. & Wager, T. (2020) Enhancing Choice and Outcomes for Therapeutic Trials in Chronic Pain: N-of-1 + Imaging (+ i). Trends in Pharmacological Sciences. [PDF]

Losin, E. A. R. , Woo, C. W.,  Medina, N. A., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Eisenbarth, H. & Wager, T. D. (in press) Neural and Sociocultural Mediators of Ethnic Differences in Pain.  Nature Human Behaviour. 

Kohoutová, L., Heo, J., Cha, S., Lee, S., Moon, T.,  Wager, T.D. & Woo, C.W. (in press) Interpreting machine learning models in neuroimaging: Towards a unified framework. Nature Protocols. 

Yu, H., Koban, L., Chang, L. J., Wagner, U., Krishnan, A., Vuilleumier, P., Zhou, X. & Wager, T. D. (in press) A generalizable multivariate brain pattern for interpersonal guilt. Cerebral Cortex. [PDF]

Kober, H.,  Buhle, J.,  Weber, J.,  Ochsner, K. N. & Tor D. Wager (in press) Let it be: Mindful-acceptance down-regulates pain and negative emotion. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF]

Landa, A., Fallon, B. A., Wang, Z., Duan, Y., Liu, F., Feng, L., Wager, T. D., Ochsner, K. & Peterson, B. S. (2020) When it hurts even more: The neural dynamics of pain and interpersonal emotions. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 128:109881. [PDF]


Disner, S. G., Fani, N., Salminen, L. E., Logue, M., Clarke, E. K., …, Kochunov, P., Jahanshad, N., Morey, R. A. (2019) Altered White Matter Microstructural Organization in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder across 3,047 Adults: Results from the PGC-ENIGMA PTSD Consortium. Molecular Psychiatry Nature. doi: [PDF]

Weber, K. A., Wager, T. D., Mackey, S., Elliott, J. M., Liu, W. & Sparks, C.L. (2019) Evidence for decreased Neurologic Pain Signature activation following thoracic spinal manipulation in healthy volunteers and participants with neck pain. Neuroimage Clin. 24:102042. doi: 10.1016/j.nicl.2019.102042. [PDF]

Chen, P. H. A., Cheong, J. H., Jolly, E., Elhence, H., Wager, T. D., & Chang, L. J. (2019) Socially transmitted placebo effects. Nature Human Behavior. [PDF]

Munafo, M. R., Cremers, H. R., Wager, T. D., Yarkoni, T. (2019). Power and design considerations in imaging research. In: Raz, A., Thibault, R. T. (Eds.) Casting Light on the Dark Side of Brain Imaging (73-78). Cambridge: Academic Press. [PDF]

Shackman, A. J., & Wager, T. D. (2019). The emotional brain: Fundamental questions and strategies for future research. Neuroscience Letters. 693:68-74. PMCID PMC6370519. [PDF]

Koban, L., Jempa, M., Lopez-Sola, M. and Wager, T. D. (2019) Different brain networks mediate the effects of social and conditioned expectations on pain. Nature Communications. 10(1):4096. PMCID: PMC6736972 . [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Reddan, M. C., LaBar, K. S., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Emotion schemas are embedded in the human visual system. Science Advances. 5(7): eaaw4358. PMCID: PMC6656543. [PDF]

Zilcha-Mano, S., Wang, Z., Peterson, B., Wall, M. M., Chen, Y., Wager, T. D., Brown, P. B., Roose, S. P., & Rutherford, B. R. (2019) Neural Mechanisms of Expectancy-Based Placebo Effects in Antidepressant Clinical Trials. Journal of Psychiatric Research. 116:19-25. doi:10.1016/j.jpsychires.2019.05.023. [PDF]

Zunhammer, M., Wager, T. D., & Bingel, U. on behalf of the Placebo Imaging Consortium (2019) Laterality and Stimulation Bias in Meta-analysis of Placebo Responses. JAMA Neurology. 76(7):870. [PDF]

van der Miesen, M. M., Lindquist, M. & Wager, T. D. (2019) Neuroimaging-based biomarkers for pain: State of the field and current directions. Pain Reports. 4(4): e751. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Geuter, S., Koban, L., Coan, J. A., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Brain mechanisms of social touch-induced analgesia in females. Pain. PMID: 31241496. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Hong, Y. W., Yoo, Y. J., Han, J., & Wager, T. D. (2019) False-positive neuroimaging: Undisclosed flexibility in testing spatial hypotheses allows presenting anything as a replicated finding. NeuroImage. doi: [PDF]

Lindquist, M., Geuter, S., Wager, T. D., & Caffo, B. (2019) Modular preprocessing pipelines can reintroduce artifacts into fMRI data. Human Brain Mapping. PMID: 30666750. [PDF]

Krause, A., Prather, A., Wager, T., Lindquist, M., & Walker, M. (2019) The pain of sleep loss: A brain characterization in humans. Journal of Neuroscience. PMCID: PMC6433768. [PDF]

Banich, M. T., Smolker, H., Snyder, H. R., Lewis-Peacock, J. A., Godinez, D., Wager, T. D., & Hankin, B. L. (2019) Turning down the heat: Neural mechanisms of cognitive control for inhibiting task-irrelevant emotional information during adolescence. Neuropsychologia. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.12.006. [PDF]

Reddan MC & Wager TD (2019) Brain systems at the intersection of chronic pain and self-regulation. Neuroscience Letters. 702:24-33. PMID: 30503923. [PDF].

Matthewson, G., Woo, C.-W., Reddan, M. C., & Wager, T. D. (2019) Cognitive self-regulation influences pain-related physiology [PDF]. PAIN. 160(10):2338-2349. PMID: 31145211. Data and scripts repository.

Sha Z., Wager T.D., Mechelli A. & He Y., (2019) Common Dysfunction of Large-Scale Neurocognitive Networks across Psychiatric Disorders. 85(5) 379-388. Biological Psychiatry. PMID: 30612699. [PDF]



Casey, B. J., Cannoinier, T., Conley, M. I., Cohen, A. O., Barch, D. M., Heitzeg, M. M., Soules, M. E., Teslovich, T., Dellarco, D. V., Garavan, H., Orr, C. A., Wager, T. D., … Dale, A. M., ABCD Imaging Acquisition Workgroup (2018). The adolescent brain cognitive development (ABCD) study: Imaging acquisition across 21 sites.  Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience 32:43-54. PMCID: PMC5999559. [PDF]

Kragel, P.A., Wager, T.D. (2018) Reproducible, generalizable brain models of affective processes. In M. Neta & I. Haas (Eds.) Nebraska Symposium on Motivation. New York, NY: Springer. [PDF]

Sha Z., Wager T.D., Mechelli A. & He Y., (2019) Common Dysfunction of Large-Scale Neurocognitive Networks across Psychiatric Disorders. 85(5) 379-388. Biological Psychiatry. PMID: 30612699. [PDF]

Jepma, M., Koban, L., van Doorn, J., Jones, M., and Wager, T.D. (2018) Behavioural and neural evidence for self-reinforcing expectancy effects on pain. Nature Human Behaviour. 2:838-855. PMCID: PMC6768437.[PDF]

Reddan MC, Wager TD, & Schiller D (2018) Attenuating Neural Threat Expression with Imagination. Neuron. 100(4):994-1005. PMCID: PMC6314478. [PDF]

Zunhammer, M., Bingel, U., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Placebo Effects on the Neurologic Pain Signature: A Meta-analysis of Individual Participant Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Data. JAMA Neurology. 75(11):1321-1330. PMCID: PMC6248115. [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Koban, L., Feldman Barrett, L., & Wager, T. D. (2018). Representation, Pattern Information, and Brain Signatures: From Neurons to Neuroimaging. Neuron 99(2):257-273. PMCID: PMC6296466. [PDF]

Samartsidis, P., Eickhoff, C. R., Eickhoff, S. B., Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Atzil, S., Johnson, T. D., & Nichols, T. E. (2018) Bayesian log-Gaussian Cox process regression: applications to a meta-analysis of neuroimaging working memory studies. Journal of Royal Statistical Society: Series C (Applied Statistics). 68(1):217-234. PMCID: PMC6430202. [PDF]

Evers, A. W. M., Colloca, L., Blease, C., Annoni, M., Atlas, Y. A., Benedetti, F., . . . Kelley, J. M. (2018) Implications of placebo and nocebo effects for clinical practice: expert consensus. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics. 87(4):204-210. PMCID: PMC3167012. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2018) Pinpointing the pain gene. Nature. 556(7701): 308. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Koban, L., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Transforming pain with prosocial meaning: an fMRI study. Psychosomatic Medicine. 80(9):814-825. PMID: 29846310. [PDF].

Kiehl, K.A., Anderson, N.E., Aharoni, E., Maurer, J.M., Harenski, K., Rao, V., Claus, E.D., Harenski, C.L., Koenigs, M., Decety, J., Kosson, D., Wager, T.D., Calhoun, V.D. & Steele, V.R. (2018) Age of Gray Matters: Neuroprediction of Recidivism. Neuroimage: Clinical. 19:813-823. [PDF]

X. Zhu, B. Suarez-Jimenez, A. Lazarov, L. Helpman, S. Papini, A. Lowell, A. Durosky, M. A. Lindquist, J. C. Markowitz, F. Schneier, T. D. Wager & Y. Neria, (2018) Exposure-Based Therapy Changes Amygdala and Hippocampus Resting-State Functional Connectivity in Patients with PTSD. Depression and Anxiety. 35(10):974-984. PMCID: PMC6168398. [PDF]

Müller, V. I., Cieslik, E. C., Laird, A. R., Fox, P. T., Radua, J., Mataix-Cols, D., Tench, C. R., Yarkoni, T., Nichols, T. E., Turkeltaub, P. E., Wager, T. D. & Eickhoff, S. E. (2018) Ten simple rules for neuroimaging meta-analysis. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 84:151-161. PMCID: PMC591806. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Geuter, S., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Mechanisms of placebo analgesia: A dual-process model informed by insights from cross-species comparisons. Progress in Neurobiology. 160:101-122. PMCID: PMC5747994. [PDF]

Price, T. J., Basbaum, A. I., Bresnahan, J., Chambers, J. F., De Koninck, Y., Edwards, R. R., Ji, R., Annemieke, K., Levine, J. D., Porter, L., Schechter, N., Sluka, K. A., Terman, G. W., Wager, T. D., Yaksh, T. L. & Dworkin, R. H. (2018) Transition to chronic pain: opportunities for novel therapeutics. Nature Reviews. Neuroscience. 19(7):383-384. PMCID: PMC6237656. [PDF]

Montagna, S., Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Johnson, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2018) Spatial Bayesian latent factor regression modeling of coordinate‐based meta‐analysis data. Biometrics. 74(1):342-353. PMCID: PMC5682245. [PDF]

Satpute, A. B., Kragel, P. A., Barrett, L. F., Wager, T. D., & Bianciardi, M. (2018) Deconstructing arousal into wakeful, autonomic and affective varieties. Neuroscience Letters. 693:19-28. PMCID: PMC6068010. [PDF]

Kragel, P. A., Kano, M., Van Oudenhove, L., Ly, H. G., Dupont, P., Rubio, A., Delon-Martin, C., Bonaz, B. L., Manuck, S. B., Gianaros, P. J., Ceko, M. Reynolds Losin, E. A., Woo, C. W., Nichols, T. E., Wager, T. D. (2018) Generalizable representations of pain, cognitive control, and negative emotion in medial frontal cortex. Nature neuroscience. 21(2):283-289. PMCID: PMC5801068. [PDF] – Supplementary Information – Code

Koban, L., Kusko, D., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Generalization of learned pain modulation depends on explicit learning. Acta Psycholgica. 184:75-84. PMCID: PMC5847433. [PDF]

Reddan, M. C., & Wager, T. D. (2018) Modeling Pain Using fMRI: From Regions to Biomarkers. Neuroscice Bulletin. 34(1):208-215. PMCID: PMC5799128. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Krishnan, A., Hitchcock, E. (2017) How are Emotions Organized in the Brain? In Fox, A. S., Lapate, R. C., Shackman, A. J. & Davidson, R. J. (Eds.). The nature of emotion. Fundamental questions (2nd edition). New York: Oxford University Press. [PDF]


De la Vega, A., Yarkoni, T., Wager, T. D., & Banich, M. T. (2017) Large-scale Metaanalysis Suggests Low Regional Modularity in Lateral Frontal Cortex. Cerebral Cortex. 28(10):3414-3428. PMID: 28968758.  [PDF]

Calhoun, V. D., Wager, T. D., Krishnan, A., Rosch, K. S., Seymour, K. E., Nebel, M. B., Mostofsky, S. H., Nyalakanai, P. and Kiehl, K. (2017) The impact of T1 versus EPI spatial normalization templates for fMRI data analyses. Human Brain Mapping. 38(11) 5331-5342. PMID: 28745021. [PDF]

López-Solà, M., Koban, L., Krishnan, A., & Wager, T. D. (2017) When pain really matters: A vicarious-pain brain marker tracks empathy for pain in the romantic partner. Neuropsychologia. pii: S0028-3932(17)30265-8. PMID: 28712948 [PDF]

Gianaros, P. J., Sheu, L. K., Uyar, F., Koushik, J., Jennings, R., Wager, T. D., Singh, A., and Verstynen, T. D. (2017) A Brain Phenotype for Stressor‐Evoked Blood Pressure Reactivity. Journal of the American Heart Association. pii:e006053. PMID: 28835356 [PDF]

Kalisch, R., Baker, D.G., Basten, U.,  Boks, M.P., Bonanno, G.A., Brummelman, B., Chmitorz, A., Fernàndez, G., Fiebach, C.J., Galatzer-Levy, I., Geuze, E., Groppa, S., Helmreich, I., Hendler, T., Hermans, E.J., Jovanovic, T., Kubiak, T., Lieb, K., Lutz, B., Müller, M.B., Murray, R.J., Nievergelt, C.M., Reif, A.,  Roelofs, K., Rutten  B.P.F., Sander, D., Schick, A., Tüscher, O., Van Diest, I.,  van Harmelen, A.-L., Veer, I.M., Vermetten, E., H. Vinkers, C.H., Wager, T.D., Walter, H., Wessa, M., Wibral, M. &  Kleim, B. (2017) The resilience framework as a strategy to combat stress-related disorders: current challenges and future perspectives. Nature Human Behaviour. 784-790. PMID: 31024125. [PDF]

Cremers, H. R., Wager, T. D., & Yarkoni, T. (2017) The relation between statistical power and inference in fMRI. PLoS One, 12(11):e0184923. PMCID: PMC5695788. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Koban, L. & Wager, T. D. (2017) The Cognitive Neuroscience of Placebo Effects: Concepts, Predictions, and Physiology. Annul Review of Neuroscience. 40:167–188. PMID: 28399689. [PDF]

Davis, K. D., Flor, H., Greely, H. T., Iannetti, G. D., Mackey, S., Ploner, M., Pustilnik, A., Tracey, I., Treede, R-D. & Wager, T. D. (2017) Brain imaging tests for chronic pain: medical, legal and ethical issues and recommendations. Nature Reviews: Neurology. 13(10):624-638. PMID: 28884750. [PDF]

Ashar, Yoni K., Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Sona Dimidjian, and Tor D. Wager (2017) Empathic Care and Distress: Predictive Brain Markers and Dissociable Brain Systems. Neuron. 94(6):1263-1273. PMCID: PMC5532453. [PDF]

Chén, O. Y., Crainiceanu, C. M., Ogburn, E. L., Caffo, B. S., Wager, T. D., & Lindquist, M. A. (2017) High-dimensional Multivariate Mediation: with Application to Neuroimaging Data. Biostatistics. 19(2):121-136. PMCID: PMC5862274. [PDF]

Losin, E. A. R., Anderson, S. R., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Feelings of Clinician-Patient Similarity and Trust Influence Pain: Evidence From Simulated Clinical Interactions. The Journal of Pain. 18(7):787-799. PMCID: PMC5590751. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Lindquist, M. A., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Fundamentals of Functional Neuroimaging. In: Handbook of Psychophysiology, 4th ed. (Cacioppo JT, Tassinary LG, Berntson GG, eds), pp 41-73. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]

Ashar, Y. K., Chang, L. J., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Brain and Psychological Mechanisms of the Placebo Effect: An Affective Appraisal Account. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology. 3:73-98. PMID: 28375723. [PDF]

Lopez-Sola, M., Woo, C. W., Pujol, J., Deus, J., Harrison, B. J., Monfort, J., & Wager, T. D. (2017) Towards a neurophysiological signature for fibromyalgia. Pain. 158(1):34-47. PMCID: PMC5161739. [PDF]

Reddan, M. C., Lindquist, M. A., & Wager, T.D. (2017) Effect Size Estimation in Neuroimaging. JAMA Psychiatry. 74(3):207-208. PMID: 28099973. [PDF]

Zhu, X., Helpman, L., Papini, S., Schneier, F., Markowitz, J.C., Van Meter, P.E., Lindquist, M.A., Wager, T.D., & Neria, Y. (2017) Altered Resting-State Functional Connectivity of Fear and Reward Circuitry in Comorbid PTSD and Major Depression. Depression and Anxiety. 34(7):641-650. PMCID: PMC5667358. [PDF]


Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Dimidjian, S., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Towards a Neuroscience of Compassion: A Brain-Systems-Based Model and Research Agenda. Positive Neuroscience Handbook. [PDF]

Koban, L., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Beyond conformity: Social influences on pain reports and physiology. Emotion. 16(1):24-32.PMCID: PMC4718820. [PDF]

Woo, C.W., & Wager, T.D. (2016) What Reliability Can and Cannot Tell Us about Pain Report and Pain Neuroimaging. Pain. 157(3)511-13. PMID: 26645548. [PDF]

Lindquist, K. A., Satpute, A. B., Wager, T. D., Weber, J., & Barrett, L. F. (2016) The brain basis of positive and negative affect: evidence from a meta-analysis of the human neuroimaging literature. Cerebral Cortex. 26(5):1910-1922. PMCID: PMC4830281. [PDF]

Spicer, J., Shimbo, D., Johnston, N., Harlapur, M., Purdie-Vaughns, V., Cook, J., Fu, J., Burg, M.M. & Wager, T.D., (2016) Prevention of Stress-Provoked Endothelial Injury by Values Affirmation: a Proof of Principle Study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine. 50(3):471-479.PMCID: PMC5087990. [PDF]

Pauli, W. M., OReilly, R. C., Yarkoni, T., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Regional specialization within the human striatum for diverse psychological functions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(7):1907-1912. PMCID: PMC4763751. [PDF]

Panta, S. R., Wang, R., Fries, J., Kalyanam, R., Speer, N., Banich, M., Kiehl, K., King, M., Milham, M., Wager, T. D., Turner, J. A., Plis, S. M., & Calhoun, V. D.  (2016) A Tool for Interactive Data Visualization: Application to Over 10,000 Brain Imaging and Phantom MRI Data Sets. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics. 10:9. PMCID: PMC4791544. [PDF]

Zaki, J., Wager, T. D., Singer, T., Keysers, C., & Gazzola, V. (2016) The anatomy of suffering: Understanding the relationship between nociceptive and empathic pain. Trends in cognitive sciences. 20(4):249-259. PMCID: PMC5521249. [PDF]

Vachon-Presseau, E., Roy, M., Woo, C. W., Kunz, M., Martel, M. O., Sullivan, M. J., Jackson, P. L., Wager, T.D., Rainville, P. (2016) Multiple faces of pain: Effects of chronic pain on the brain regulation of facial expression. Pain. 157(8):1819-30. PMCID: PMC5988359. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. Y., Botvinick, M.M., Chang, L. J., Coghill, R. C., Davis, K.D., Iannetti, G.D., Poldrack, R.A., Shackman, A.J. & Yarkoni, T. (2016) Pain in the ACC? Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 113(18): E2474-E2475. PMCID: PMC4983860. [PDF]

Ma, Y., Wang, C., Luo, S., Li, B., Wager, T. D., Zhang, W., Rao, Y. & Han, S. (2016) Serotonin transporter polymorphism alters citalopram effects on human pain responses to physical pain. NeuroImage. 135:186-196. PMID: 27132044. [PDF]

Zunhammer, M., Bingel, U., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Issues in Pain Prediction? More Gain than Pain. Trends in Neurosciences. 39(10):639-640. PMID: 27503637. [PDF]

Geuter, S., Cunningham, J. T., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Disentangling opposing effects of motivational states on pain perception. Pain Reports. 1(3). PMCID: PMC5061130. [PDF]

Eisenbarth, H., Chang, L. J., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Multivariate Brain Prediction of Heart Rate and Skin Conductance Responses to Social Threat. The Journal of Neuroscience. 36(47):11987-11998. PMCID: PMC5125248. [PDF]

Helpman, L., Marin, M. F., Papini, S., Zhu, X., Sullivan, G. M., Schneier, F., Neria, M.,  Shvil, E., Malaga Aragon, M. J., Markowitz, J. C., Lindquist, M. A., Wager, T. D., Milad, M. & Neria, Y. (2016) Neural Changes in Extinction Recall Following Prolonged Exposure Treatment for PTSD: A Longitudinal fMRI Study. NeuroImage . 12:715–723. PMCID: PMC5065048. [PDF]

Ashar, Y. K., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Yarkoni, T., Sills, J., Halifax, J., Dimidjian, S., & Wager, T. D. (2016) Effects of Compassion Meditation on a Psychological Model of Charitable Donation. Emotion. 16(5):691-705. PMID: 27018610. [PDF]

de la Vega, A., Chang, L. J., Banich, M. T., Wager, T. D., & Yarkoni, T. (2016) Large-Scale Meta-Analysis of Human Medial Frontal Cortex Reveals Tripartite Functional Organization. The Journal of Neuroscience. 36(24):6553-6562. PMCID: PMC5015787. [PDF]

Krishnan, A., Woo, C.W., Chang, L.J., Ruzic, L., Gu, X., Lopez-Sola, M., Jackson, P.L., Pujol, J., Fan, J. & Wager, T.D. (2016) Somatic and vicarious pain are represented by dissociable multivariate brain patterns. eLife. 5:e15166. PMCID: PMC4907690. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. (2015) Using Neuroimaging to Understand Pain: Pattern Recognition and the Path from Brain Mapping to Mechanisms. In: Apkarian, V. (Eds.) The Brain Adapting with Pain. Wolters Kluwer Press. [PDF]

Chén, O. Y., Crainiceanu, C. M., Ogburn, E. L., Caffo, B. S., Wager, T. D., & Lindquist, M. A. (2015) High-dimensional Multivariate Mediation: with Application to Neuroimaging Data. Biostatsica. 19(2):121-136. PMCID: PMC5862274. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Roy, M., Buhle, J. T. & Wager, T. D. (2015) Distinct brain systems mediate the effects of nociceptive input and self-regulation on pain. PLoS Biology. 13(1): e1002036. PMCID: PMC4285399. [PDF]

Olsson A., Kross, E., Nordberg, S. S., Weinberg, A., Weber, J., Schmer-Galunder, S., Fossella, J., Wager, T. D., Bonanno, G.A., & Ochsner, K. (2015) Neural and genetic markers of vulnerability to posttraumatic stress symptoms among survivors of the World Trade Center attacks. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10(6): 863–868. PMCID: PMC4448027. [PDF]

Van Snellenberg, J., Slifstein, M., Read, C., Weber, J. L., Thompson, J., Wager, T. D., Shohamy, D., Abi-Dargham, A. & Smith, E. E. (2015) Dynamic Shifts in Brain Network Activation During Supracapacity Working Memory Task Performance. Human Brain Mapping. 36(4):1245-64. PMCID: PMC4722876. [PDF]

Chang, L. J., Reddan, M., Ashar, Y. K., Eisenbarth, H., & Wager, T. D. (2015) The challenges of forecasting resilience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 38. PMID: 26785725. [PDF]

Robinson, L. F., Atlas, L. Y., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Dynamic functional connectivity using state-based dynamic community structure: Method and application to opioid analgesia. NeuroImage. 108, 274-291. PMID: 25534114. [PDF]

Raison C. L., Hale M. W., Williams L.E., Wager T. D. & Lowry C. A. (2015) Somatic influences on subjective well-being and affective disorders: the convergence of thermosensory and central serotonergic systems. Frontiers in Psychology. 5:1580. PMCID: PMC4292224. [PDF]

Kaiser, R. H., Andrews-Hanna, J. R., Wager, T. D., & Pizzagalli, D. A. (2015) Large-scale network dysfunction in major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of resting-state functional connectivity. JAMA Psychiatry. 72(6), 603-611. PMCID: PMC4456260. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Colloca, L. & Wager T. D. (2015) Conditioned placebo analgesia persists when subjects know they are receiving a placebo. Journal of Pain. 16(5):412-20. PMCID: PMC4424173. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Woo, C. W. (2015) fMRI in analgesic drug discovery. Science Translational Medicine. 7(274):274fs6. PMID: 25673760. [PDF]

Yamamoto, D. J., Woo, C. W., Wager, T. D., Regner, M. F., & Tanabe, J. (2015) Influence of dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and ventral striatum on risk avoidance in addiction: A mediation analysis. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 149, 10-17. PMCID: PMC4361089. [PDF]

Losin, E. A. R., Woo, C. W., Krishnan, A., Wager, T. D., Iacoboni, M., & Dapretto, M. (2015) Brain and psychological mediators of imitation: sociocultural versus physical traits. Culture and Brain. 3(2):93-111. [PDF]

Gianaros, P. J., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Brain-body pathways linking psychological stress and physical health. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 24(4):313-321. PMCID: PMC4535428. [PDF]

Schafer, S. M., Wager, T. D., Mercado Jr, R. A., Thayer, J. F., Allen, J. J., & Lane, R. D. (2015) Partial Amelioration of Medial Visceromotor Network Dysfunction in Major Depression by Sertraline. Psychosomatic Medicine. 77(7), 752-761. PMID: 26258459. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Neuroimaging-based biomarker discovery and validation. Pain. 156(8):1379-1381. PMCID: PMC4504798. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., & Atlas, L. Y. (2015) The neuroscience of placebo effects: connecting context, learning and health. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 16(7):403-418. PMCID: PMC6013051. [PDF]

Chang, L. J., Gianaros, P. J., Manuck, S. B., Krishnan, A., & Wager, T. D. (2015) A Sensitive and Specific Neural Signature for Picture-Induced Negative Affect. PLoS Biology. 13(6): e1002180. PMCID: PMC4476709. [PDF]

Yarkoni, T., Ashar, Y. K., & Wager, T. D. (2015) Interactions between donor Agreeableness and recipient characteristics in predicting charitable donation and positive social evaluation. PeerJ. 3: e1089. PMCID: PMC4548474. [PDF]

Woo, C. W. & Wager, T. D. (2015) The predictive mapping approach in neuroimaging. Advances in Computational Psychophysiology. Science. 350 (6256), 114. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A., Krishnan, A., Lopez-Sola, M., Jepma, M., Woo, C. W., Koban, L., Roy, M., Atlas, L. Y., Schmidt, L., Chang, L. J. & Losin, E. A. R. (2015) Group-regularized individual prediction: theory and application to pain. NeuroImage. 145(Pt B):274-287. PMCID: PMC5071107. [PDF]

Jepma, M. & Wager, T. D. (2015) Conceptual Conditioning: Mechanisms Mediating Conditioning Effects on Pain. Psychological Science. 26(11):1728-39. PMCID: PMC4646733. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Kang. J., Johnson, T. D., Nichols, T. E., Satpute, A. B. & Feldman, Barret, L. (2015) A Bayesian Model of Category-Specific Emotional Brain Responses. PLoS Computational Biology. 11(4): e1004066. PMCID: PMC4390279. [PDF]


Atlas, L. Y., Wielgosz, J., Whittington, R. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Specifying the non-specific factors underlying opioid analgesia: Expectancy, attention, and affect. Psychopharmacology. 231(5):813-23. PMCID: PMC3945427. [PDF]

Cordes, D., Nandy, R.R., Schafer, S. & Wager, T.D. (2014) Characterization and Reduction of Cardiac- and Respiratory- Induced Noise as a Function of the Sampling Rate (TR) in fMRI Corresponding. NeuroImage. 89: 314–330. PMCID: PMC4209749. [PDF]

Roy, M., Shohamy, D., Daw, N., Jepma, M., Wimmer, G. E., & Wager, T. D. (2014) Representation of aversive prediction errors in the human periaqueductal gray. Nature Neuroscience. 17(11), 1607-1612. PMCID: PMC4213247. [PDF]

Schmidt, L., Braun, E. K., Wager, T. D., & Shohamy, D. (2014) Mind matters: Placebo enhances reward learning in Parkinson’s disease. Nature Neuroscience. 17(12):1793-7. PMCID: PMC4503317. [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Koban, L., Kross, E., Lindquist, M. A., Banich, M. T., Ruzic, L., Andrews-Hanna, J. R. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Separate Neural Representations for Physical Pain and Social Rejection. Nature Communications. 5:5380. PMCID: PMC4285151. [PDF]

van Ast, V. A., Spicer, J., Smith, E. E., Schmer-Galunder, S., Liberzon, I., Abelson, J. L. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Brain mechanisms of social threat effects on working memory. Cerebral Cortex. 26(2):544-556. PMCID: PMC4712793. [PDF]

Lopez-Sola, M., Pujol, J., Wager, T. D., Garcia-Fontanals, A., Blanco-Hinojo, L., Garcia-Blanco, S., Poca-Dias, V., Harrison, B. J., Contreras-Rodriguez, O., Monfort, J., Garcia-Fructuoso, F. & Deus J. (2014) Altered fMRI responses to non-painful sensory stimulation in fibromyalgia patients. Arthritis & Rheumatology. 66(11):3200-9. PMCID: PMC4410766 [PDF]

Woo, C. W., Krishnan, A. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Cluster-extent based thresholding in fMRI analyses: Pitfalls and recommendations. Neuroimage. 91:412-9. PMCID: PMC4214144. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Gianaros, P. J. (2014) The Social Brain, Stress, and Psychopathology. JAMA psychiatry. 71(6):622-624. PMID: 24740473. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y. & Wager, T. D. (2014) A Meta-analysis of Brain Mechanisms of Placebo Analgesia: Consistent Findings and Unanswered Questions. Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology. 225:37-69. PMID: 25304525. [PDF].

Jepma, M., Jones, M., & Wager, T.D. (2014) The dynamics of pain: Evidence for simultaneous site-specific habituation and site-nonspecific sensitization in thermal pain. The Journal of Pain. 15(7):734-46. PMCID: PMC4083082. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Lindquist, M. A., Bolger, N., & Wager, T. D. (2014) Brain mediators of the effects of noxious heat on pain. PAIN. 155(8), 1632-1648. PMCID: PMC4104234. [PDF]

Xue, W., Kang, J., Bowman, F. D., Wager, T. D., & Guo, J. (2014) Identifying functional co-activation patterns in neuroimaging studies via poisson graphical models. Biometrics. 70(4):812-822. PMCID: PMC4276452. [PDF]

Silvers, J. A., Wager, T. D., Weber, J., & Ochsner, K. N. (2014) The neural bases of uninstructed negative emotion modulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 10(1):10-8. PMCID: PMC4994839. [PDF]

Insel, C., Reinen, J., Weber, J., Wager, T. D., Jarskog, L. F., Shohamy, D., & Smith, E. E. (2014) Antipsychotic dose modulates behavioral and neural responses to feedback during reinforcement learning in schizophrenia. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 14(1):189-201. PMID: 24557585. [PDF]

Reinen, J., Smith, E. E., Insel, C., Kribs, R., Shohamy, D., Wager, T. D. & Jarskog, L. F. (2014) Patients with schizophrenia are impaired when learning in the context of pursuing rewards. Schizophrenia Research. 152(1):309-10. PMID: 24332796. [PDF]

Kang, J., Nichols, T. E., Wager, T. D., & Johnson, T. D. (2014) A Bayesian hierarchical spatial point process model for multi-type neuroimaging meta-analysis. The Annals of Applied Statistics. 8(3):1800–1824. PMCID: PMC4241351. [PDF]

Schambra, H. M., Bikson, M., Wager, T. D., DosSantos, M. F., & DaSilva, A. F. (2014) It’s all in your head: reinforcing the placebo response with tDCS. Brain Stimulation7(4): 623–624. PMCID: PMC4108558. [PDF]

Cremers, H. R., Veer, I. M., Spinhoven, P., Rombouts, S. A. R. B., Yarkoni, T., Wager, T. D., & Roelofs, K. (2015) Altered cortical-amygdala coupling in social anxiety disorder during the anticipation of giving a public speech. Psychological Medicine. 45(7):1521-9. PMCID: PMC6892398. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2014) Principles of functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. Handbook of Neuroimaging Data Analysis. London: Chapman & Hall, CRC Press. [PDF]

Shvil, E., Sullivan, G. M., Schafer, S., Markowitz, J. C., Campeas, M., Wager, T. D., & Neria, Y. (2014). Sex differences in extinction recall in posttraumatic stress disorder: a pilot fMRI study. Neurobiology of learning and memory, 113, 101-108. PMCID: PMC4053517. [PDF]  



Wager, T. D., Fields, H. (2013) Placebo analgesia. In: Wall, P. D., Melzack, R. (Eds.), Textbook of Pain. 362-373. [PDF]

Jepma, M., & Wager, T. D. (2013) Multiple potential mechanisms for context effects on pain. Pain. 154(5):629-3. PMCID: PMC4057098. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Atlas, L. Y. (2013) How Is Pain Influenced by Cognition? Neuroimaging Weighs In. Perspectives on Psychological Science. 8(1):91-97. PMCID: PMC3994173. [PDF]

Buhle, J., Silvers, J.A., Wager, T.D., Lopez, R., Onyemekwu, C., Kober, H., Weber, J. & Ochsner, K.N. (2013) Cognitive reappraisal of emotion: A meta-analysis of human neuroimaging studies. Cerebral Cortex. 24(11):2981-90. PMCID: PMC4193464. [PDF]

Poldrack, R.A., Barch, D.M., Mitchell, J., Wager, T.D., Wagner, A.D., Devlin, J.T., Cumba, C., Koyejo, O. & Milham, M. (2013) Towards open sharing of task-based fMRI data: The OpenfMRI project. Frontiers in Neuroinformatics. 7:12. PMCID: PMC3703526. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y. & Wager, T. D. (2013) Expectations and Beliefs: Insights from Cognitive Neuroscience In: Ochsner, K.N. & Kosslyn, S.M. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Cognitive Neuroscience Volume 2: The Cutting Edges. Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Plassmann, H. and Wager, T.D. (2013) How Expectancies Shape Consumption Experiences. In: Preston, Knuston, Kringelbach (Eds), Interdisciplinary Science of Consumption. [PDF]

Cribben, I., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2013) Detecting functional connectivity change points for single-subject fMRI data. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 7:143. PMCID: PMC3812660. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Spicer, J., Insler, R. & Smith, E. E., (2013) The neural bases of distracter-resistant working memory. Cognitive Affective Behavioral Neuroscience. 14(1):90-105. PMCID: PMC3972280. [PDF]

Satpute, A. B., Wager, T. D., Wald, L. L., Cohen-Adad, J., Bianciardi, M., Choi, J. K., Buhle, J. T. & Barrett, L. F. (2013) Identification of discrete functional sub-regions of the human periaqueductal gray. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 110 (42)17101-17106. PMCID: PMC3801046. [PDF]

Outhred, T., Hawkshead, B. E., Wager, T. D., Das, P., Malhi, G. S., & Kemp, A. H. (2013) Acute neural effects of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors versus noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors on emotion processing: Implications for differential treatment efficacy. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. 37(8):1786-1800. PMID: 23886514. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. T., Lindquist, M. A., Roy, M., Choong-Wan, W. & Kross, E. (2013) An fMRI-Based Neurologic Signature of Physical Pain. The New England Journal of Medicine. 368:1388-1397. PMID: 23574118. [PDF],  Supplementary materials.


Lindquist, K. A., Wager, T. D., Kober, H., Mliss-Moreau, E. & Barrett, L. F. (2012) The Brain Basis of Emotion: A meta-analytic review. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 35(3):121-143. PMID: 22617651. [PDF]

Thayer, J. F., Ahs, F., Fredrikson, M., Sollers, J. J. III, Wager, T. D. (2012). A meta-analysis of heart rate variability and neuroimaging studies: Implications for heart rate variability as a marker of stress and health. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 36(2):747-756. PMID: 22178086. [PDF]

Lindquist, M.A., Spicer, J., Asllani, I., &Wager, T.D. (2012) Estimating and testing variance components in a multi-level GLM. Neuroimage. 59(1):490-501. PMCID: PMC3195889. [PDF]

Buhle, J. T., Stevens, B. L., Friedman, J. J. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Distraction and Placebo: Two Separate Routes to Pain Control. Psychological Science. 23(3)246-53 PMID: 22261568. [PDF]

Lindquist, K. A., Wager, T. D., Bliss-Moreau, E., Kober, H., Barrett, L. F. (2012). What are emotions and how are they created in the brain? Behavioral and Brain Sciences. 35(3):172-202. PMID: 22783560. [PDF]

Roy, M., Shohamy, D. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Ventromedial prefrontal-subcortical systems and the generation of affective meaning. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 16(3):147-156. PMCID: PMC3318966. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Yarkoni, T. (2012) Establishing homology between monkey and human brains. Nature Methods. 9(3): 237-239. PMID: 22348890. [PDF]

Buhle, J. T., Kober, H., Ochsner K. N., Mende-Siedlecki, P., Weber, J., Hughes, B., Kross, E., Atlas, L. Y., McRae, K. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Common representation of pain and negative emotion in the midbrain periaqueductal gray. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 8(6):609-16.PMCID: PMC3739905. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Wager, T. D. (2012) How expectations shape pain. Neuroscience Letters. 520(2):140-148. PMID: 22465136. [PDF]

Denny, B., Kober, H., Wager, T. D. & Ochsner, K. N. (2012) A Meta-Analysis of Functional Neuroimaging Studies of Self and Other Judgments Reveals a Spatial Gradient for Mentalizing in Medial Prefrontal Cortex. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. [PDF]

Cribben, I., Haraldsdottir, R., Atlas, L. Y., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2012). Dynamic connectivity regression: Determining state-related changes in brain connectivity. NeuroImage. 61(4):907-920. PMID: 22484408. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Whittington, R., Lindquist, M., Wielgosz, J., Sonty, N. & Wager, T. D. (2012) Dissociable influences of opiates and expectations on pain. Journal of Neuroscience. 32(23):8053-8064. PMCID: PMC3387557 [PDF]  Supplementary Material Link Invalid

Johnston, N. E., Atlas, L. Y., & Wager, T. D. (2012) Opposing effects of expectancy and somatic focus on pain. PLoS One. 7(6):e38854. PMCID: PMC3378588. 9(4):403-411. PMID: 23202664, PMCID: PMC3989121. [PDF]

Denny, B. T., Ochsner, K. N., Weber, J., & Wager, T. D. (2012) Anticipatory brain activity predicts the success or failure of subsequent emotion regulation. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. [PDF] 


Koban, L., Ruzic, L., & Wager, T. D. (2011) Brain Predictors of Individual Differences in Placebo Responding. In L. Colloca, M. A. Flaten & K. Meissner (Eds.), Placebo and Pain: Elsevier/Academic Press. Journal of Neuroscience 31(2): 439–452.  PMCID: PMC3735131. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Atlas, L. Y., Leotti, L. A., & Rilling, J. K. (2011) Predicting individual differences in placebo analgesia: Contributions of brain activity during anticipation and pain experience. The Journal of Neuroscience. 31(2):439-452. NIHMSID: NIHMS355850 PMID: 21228154. [PDF]

Kross, E., Berman, M. G., Mischel, W., Smith, E. E. & Wager, T. D. (2011) Social Rejection Shares Somatosensory Representations with Physical Pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108(15):6270-5. PMCID: PMC3076808. [PDF]

Kross, E., Berman, M. G., Mischel, W., Smith, E. E., & Wager, T. D. (2011). Reply to Iannetti and Mouraux: What functional MRI responses to physical pain tell us about why social rejection “hurts”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(30), E344-E344. [PDF]

Miele, D. B., Wager, T. D., Mitchell, J. P. & Metcalfe, J. (2011) Dissociating Neural Correlates of Action Monitoring and Metacognition of Agency. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience. 23(11): 3620-3636. PMID: 21563889.[PDF]

Grinband, J., Savitskaya, J., Wager, T.D., Teichert, T., Ferrera, V.P., & Hirsch, J. (2012) The dorsal medial frontal cortex is sensitive to time on task, not response conflict or error likelihood. Neuroimage. 57(2):303-11. PMCID: PMC3114292. [PDF]

Grinband, J., Savitskaya, J., Wager, T.D., Teichert, T., Ferrera, V.P., & Hirsch, J., Conflict, error likelihood, and RT: Response to Brown & Yeung et al. Neuroimage. 57(2):320-2. PMID: 21554960. [PDF]

Kang, J., Johnson, T. D., Nichols, T. E. & Wager, T. D. (2011). Meta-Analysis of Functional Neuroimaging Data via Bayesian Spatial Point Processes. JASA. 106(493):124-134. PMCID: PMC3119536. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A. (2011). Essentials of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging. In: Decety, J., Cacioppo, J. T. (Eds.), Handbook of Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. [PDF]

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R. A., Nichols, T. E., Van Essen, D. C., & Wager, T. D. (2011) Large-scale automated synthesis of human functional neuroimaging data. Nature Methods. 8:665-670. PMCID: PMC3146590. [PDF]

Meissner, K., Bingel, U., Colloca, L., Wager, T., Watson, A. & Flaten, M. (2011) The placebo effect: advances from different methodological approaches. Journal of Neuroscience. 31(45):16117–16124. PMCID: PMC3242469.[PDF]

Link, B. V., Kos, B., Wager, T. D., & Mozer, M. (2011) Past experience influences judgment of pain: Prediction of sequential dependencies. In Expanding the space of cognitive science: Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 1248-1253). [PDF]


Colloca, L., Petrovic, P., Wager. T. D., Ingvar, M., & Benedetti, F. (2010) How the number of learning trials affects placebo and nocebo responses. Pain. 151(2):430-439. PMCID: PMC2955814. [PDF]

Buhle, J., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Does meditation training lead to enduring changes in the anticipation and experience of pain? Pain. 150:382-3. PMID: 20546996. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Roy, M. (2010) Separate mechanisms for placebo and opiate analgesia? Pain. 150:8-9. PMID: 20347523. [PDF]

Buhle, J. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Performance-dependent inhibition of pain by an executive working memory task. Pain. 149:19-26. NIHMS157612. PMID: 20129735. [PDF]

Atlas, L. Y., Bolger, N., Lindquist, M.A. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Brain Mediators of Predictive Cue Effects on Perceived Pain. The Journal of Neuroscience. 30:12964-12977. PMCID: PMC2966558. [PDF]

Leotti, L. A. & Wager, T. D. (2010) Motivational influences on response inhibition measures. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. 36(2):430-47. PMID: 20364928. [PDF]

Rutherford, B. R., Wager, T. D., & Roose, S. P. (2010) Expectancy and the Treatment of Depression: A Review of Experimental Methodology and Effects on Patient Outcome. Current Psychiatry Reviews. 6(1):1-10. PMCID: PMC4011659. [PDF]

Yarkoni, T., Poldrack, R. A., Van Essen, D. C., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Cognitive neuroscience 2.0: building a cumulative science of human brain function. Trends Cognitive Science. 14(11):489-496. PMCID: PMC2963679. [PDF]

Buhle, J., Wager, T. D., & Smith, E. E. (2010) Using the Stroop Task to study emotion regulation. In: Hassin, R. R., Oschner, K. N., Trope, T. (Eds.), Self Control in Society, Mind, and Brain. [PDF]

Kober, H., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Meta-analyses of neuroimaging data. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science. 1(2): 293-300. PMID: 24052810. [PDF]

Etkin, A., & Wager, T. D. (2010) Brain systems underlying anxiety disorders: a view from neuroimaging. In: Simpson, H. B., Schneier, F., Neria, Y., Lewis-Fernandez, R. (Eds.), Anxiety Disorders: Theory, Research and Clinical Perspectives (Cambridge Medicine). [PDF]

Robinson, L.F., Wager, T.D., & Lindquist, M.A., Changepoint estimation in multi-subject fMRI studies. Neuroimage. 49(2):1581-92. PMID: 19733671. [PDF]


Lane, R. D. & Wager, T. D.. (2009) The new field of Brain-Body Medicine: what have we learned and where are we headed? Neuroimage. 47:1135-40. PMID: 19524045 . [PDF]

Lane, R. D. & Wager, T. D. (2009) Introduction to a special issue of Neuroimage on brain-body medicine. Neuroimage. 47:1-4. PMID: 19524045. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Waugh, C. E., Lindquist, M., Noll, D. C., Fredrickson, B. L. & Taylor, S. F.. (2009) Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat: part I: Reciprocal dorsal and ventral sub-regions of the medial prefrontal cortex and heart-rate reactivity. Neuroimage. 47:821-35. PMCID: PMC3275821. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., van Ast, V. A., Hughes B. L., Davidson, M. L., Lindquist, M. A. & Ochsner, K. N. (2009) Brain mediators of cardiovascular responses to social threat, part II: Prefrontal-subcortical pathways and relationship with anxiety. Neuroimage. 47:836-51. PMID: 19465135 [PDF]

Lane, R. D., Waldstein, S. R., Critchley, H. D., Derbyshire, S. W., Drossman, D. A., Wager, T. D., Schneiderman, N., Chesney, M. A., Jennings, J. R., Lovallo, W. R., Rose, R. M., Thayer, J. F. & Cameron, O. G. (2009) The rebirth of neuroscience in psychosomatic medicine, Part II: clinical applications and implications for research. Psychosomatic Medicine. 71:135-51. PMID: 19196806. [PDF]

Salimi-Khorshidi, G., Smith, S. M., Keltner, J. R., Wager, T. D. & Nicholos, T. E. (2009) Meta-analysis of neuroimaging data: a comparison of image-based and coordinate-based pooling of studies. Neuroimage. 45:810-23. PMID: 19166944. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A., Meh Loh, J., Atlas, L. Y. & Wager T. D. (2009) Modeling the hemodynamic response function in fMRI: efficiency, bias and mis-modeling. Neuroimage. 45:187-98. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. A., Nichols, H., Kober, H. & Van Snellenberg, J. X.. (2009) Evaluating the consistency and specificity of neuroimaging data using meta-analysis. Neuroimage. 45(1): S210-S221. NIHMSID: NIHMS355887 PMCID: PMC3318962. [PDF]

Lieberman, M. D., Berkman, E. T., & Wager, T. D. (2009) Correlations in Social Neuroscience Aren’t Voodoo: Commentary on Vul et al. (2009) Perspectives on Psychological Science. 4:299-307. PMID: 19524045. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y. & Wager. T. D. (2009) Placebo effects. In: Encyclopedia of consciousness. [PDF]

Wager. T. D., Lindquist, M., & Hernandez, L. (2009) Essentials of functional neuroimaging. In: Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. [PDF]

Van Snellenberg, J.X. & Wager, T.D. (2009) Cognitive and Motivational Functions of the Human Prefrontal Cortex. In: E. Goldberg and D. Bougakov, (Eds.), Luria’s Legacy in the 21st Century. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y., Wager. T. D., Dahl, K. & Smith, E. E. (2009) Placebo effects. In: Handbook of Neuroscience for the Behavioral Sciences. [PDF]

Atlas, L.Y. & Wager. T. D. (2009) The neural bases of placebo effects. In: Imagination and Medic. [PDF]


Waugh, C. E., Wager, T. D., Fredrickson, B. L., Noll, D. C., Taylor, S. F.. (2008) The neural correlates of trait resilience when anticipating and recovering from threat. Social Cognitive and Affect Neuroscience. 3:322-32. PMID: 19015078.[PDF]

Wager, T. D., Davidson, M. L., Hughes, B. L., Lindquist, M. A. & Ochsner, K. N. (2008) Prefrontal-subcortical pathways mediating successful emotion regulation. Neuron. 59:1037-50. PMID: 18817740. [PDF]

Grinband, J., Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M., Ferrera, V. P. & Hirsch, J. (2008) Detection of time-varying signals in event-related fMRI designs. Neuroimage. 43:509-20. PMID: 18775784. [PDF]

Kober, H., Barrett, L. F., Joseph, J., Bliss-Moreau, E., Londquist, K. & Wager T. D.. (2008) Functional grouping and cortical-subcortical interactions in emotion: a meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies. Neuroimage. 42:998-1031.  PMID: 18579414. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2008) Spatial smoothing in fMRI using prolate spheroidal wave functions. Human Brain Mapping. 29:1276-87. NIHMSID: NIHMS355898 PMCID: PMC3318970. [PDF]

Purkayastha, S., Wager, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2008) Inferring individual differences in fMRI: Finding brain regions with significant within-subject correlation. Statistica Sinica. 18:1483-1500. [PDF]

Loh, J. M., Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D. (2008) Residual Analysis for Detecting Mis-modeling in fMRI. Statistica Sinica. 18:1421-1448. [PDF]

Lindquist, M.A., Waugh, C., & Wager, T.D. (2007) Modeling state-related fMRI activity using change-point theory. NeuroImage, 35(3): 1125-1141. PMID: 17360198. [PDF] 

Wager, T. D., Barrett, L. F., Bliss-Moreau, E., Lindquist, K., Duncan, S., Kober, H., et al. (2008). The Neuroimaging of Emotion. In M. Lewis (Ed.), Handbook of Emotion. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Lindquist, M. & Kaplan, L. (2007) Meta-analysis of functional neuroimaging data: current and future directions. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 2:150-158. PMID: 18985131. [PDF]

Zaki, J., Ochsner, K. N., Hanelin, J., Wager, T. D. & Mackey, S. C. (2007) Different circuits for different pain: patterns of functional connectivity reveal distinct networks for processing pain in self and others. Social Neuroscience. 2:276-91. PMID: 18633819. [PDF]

Etkin, A. & Wager, T. D.. (2007) Functional neuroimaging of anxiety: a meta-analysis of emotional processing in PTSD, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobia. American Journal of Psychiatry. 164:1476-88. NIHMSID: NIHMS357021 PMID: 17898336. [PDF]

Stern, E. R., Wager, T. D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J. & Mangels, J. A. (2007) Preparatory neural activity predicts performance on a conflict task. Brain Research. 1176:92-102. [PDF]

Nee, D. E., Wager, T. D. & Jonides, J. (2007) Interference resolution: insights from a meta-analysis of neuroimaging tasks. Cognitive and Affective Behavioural Neuroscience. 1:1-17. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A., Waugh, C. & Wager, T. D. (2007) Modeling state-related fMRI activity using change-point theory. Neuroimage. 35:1125-41. [PDF]

Lindquist, M. A. & Wager, T. D.. (2007). Validity and power in hemodynamic response modeling: a comparison study and a new approach. Human Brain Mapping. 8:764-84. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Scott, D. J. & Zubieta, J. K. (2007) Placebo effects on human mu-opioid activity during pain. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104:11056-11061. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Hernandez, L., Jonides, J., & Lindquist, M. (2007) Elements of functional neuroimaging. In J. T. Cacioppo, L. G. Tassinary & G. G. Berntson (Eds.), Handbook of Psychophysiology (4th ed., pp. 19-55). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Jonides, J., Smith, E. E. (2006) Individual differences in multiple types of shifting attention. Memory & Cognition. 8:1730-43. PMID: 17489298. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Matre, D., Casey, K. L. (2006) Placebo effects in laser-evoked pain potentials. Brain Behaviour, and Immunity. 3:219-30. PMCID: PMC3735137. [PDF]

Feldmann-Barrett, L. & Wager, T. D. (2006) The Structure of Emotion: Evidence from neuroimaging studies. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 15(2):79-83. [PDF]

Summerfield, C., Greene, M., Wager, T. D., Egner, T., Hirsch, J., Mangels, J. (2006) Neocortical connectivity during episodic memory formation. PLoS Biol. 4(5):c128. PMCID: PMC1436028. [PDF]

Wager, T.D. (2006) Do We Need to Study the Brain to Understand the Mind? APS Observer. 19(9):25-27. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. (2005) The neural bases of placebo effects. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 14(4):175-179. [PDF]

Benedetti, F., Mayberg, H. S., Wager, T. D., Stohler, C. S. & Zubieta, J. K. (2005) Neurobiological mechanisms of the placebo effect. Journal of Neuroscience. 45:10390-402. PMCID: PMC6725834. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Jonides, J., Smith, E. E. & Nichols, T. E. (2005) Toward a taxonomy of attention shifting: individual differences in fMRI during multiple shift types. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience. 2:127-43. PMID: 16180620. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Sylvester, C. Y., Lacey S. C., Nee, D. E., Franklin, M. & Jonides, J. (2005) Common and unique components of response inhibition revealed by fMRI. Neuroimage. 27:323-40. PMID: 16019232. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Keller, M. C., Lacey, S. C. & Jonides, J. (2005) Increased sensitivity in neuroimaging analyses using robust regression. Neuroimage. 26:99-113. PMID: 15862210. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Vazquez, A., Hernandez, l. & Noll, D. C. (2005) Accounting for nonlinear BOLD effects in fMRI: parameter estimates and a model for prediction in rapid event-related studies. Neuroimage. 25:206-18. PMID: 15734356. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Ochsner, K. N. (2005) Sex differences in the emotional brain. Neuroreport. 16:85-7. PMID: 15671851. [PDF]

Keller, M. C., Fredrickson, B. L., Ybarra, O., Cote, S., Johnson, K., Mikels, J. & Wager, T. D. (2005) A warm heart and a clear head: the effects of weather on human mood and cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. PMID: 16137259. [PDF]

Nichols, T., Brett, M., Anderson, J., Wager, T. D. & Poline, J. B. (2005) Valid conjunction inference with the minimum statistic. Neuroimage. 25(3):653-660. PMID: 15808966. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2005) The neural bases of placebo effects in anticipation and pain. Seminars in Pain Medicine. 3(1):22-30. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. (2005) Expectations and anxiety as mediators of placebo effects in pain. Pain. 115(3):225-226. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Nitschke, J. (2005) Placebo effects in the brain: Linking mental and physiological processes. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity. 19:281-282. PMID: 15908179. [PDF]


Wager, T. D., Jonides, J. & Reading, S. (2004) Neuroimaging studies of shifting attention: a meta-analysis. Neuroimage. 4:1679-93. [PDF]

Phan, K. L., Wager, T. D., Taylor, S. F. & Liberzon I. (2004) Functional neuroimaging studies of human emotions. CNS Spectrums. 4:258-66. PMID: 15048050. [PDF]

Taylor, S. F., Welsh, R. C., Wager, T. D., Phan, K. L., Fitzgerald, K. D. & Gehring, W. J.. (2004) A functional neuroimaging study of motivation and executive function. Neuroimage. 3:1045-54. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Rilling, J. K., Smith, E. E., Sokolik, A., Casey, K. L., Davidson, R. J., Kosslyn S. M., Rose, R. M., Cohen, J. D. (2004) Placebo-induced changes in FMRI in the anticipation and experience of pain. Science. 303:1162-7. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Barrett, L. F. (2004) From affect to control: Functional specialization of the insula in motivation and regulation. bioRxiv [PDF]

Wager, T. (2004) Painful deception – Response. Science. 304:1110-1111. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. & Smith, E. E.(2003) Neuroimaging studies of working memory: a meta-analysis. Cognitive and Affective Behavioral Neuroscience. 4:255-74. PMID: 15040547. [PDF]

Wager, T. D., Phan, K. L., Liberzon, I. & Taylor, S. F. (2003) Valence, gender, and lateralization of functional brain anatomy in emotion: a meta-analysis of findings from neuroimaging. Neuroimage. 19:513-31. PMID: 12880784. [PDF]

Wager, T. D. & Nichols, T. E. (2003) Optimization of experimental design in fMRI: a general framework using a genetic algorithm. Neuroimage. 18:293-309. [PDF]

Slyvester, C. Y., Wager, T. D., Lacey, S. C., Hernandez, L., Nochols, T. E., Smith E. E. & Jonides, J.. (2003) Switching attention and resolving interference: fMRI measures of executive functions. Neuropsychologia. 41:357-70. PMID: 12457760. [PDF]

Jonides, J., Sylvester, C. Y. C., Lacey, S .C., Wager, T. D., Nichols, T.E. and Awh, E. (2003). Modules of Working Memory. In R. H. Kluwe, G. Luer, and F. Rosler (Eds.). Principles of Working Memory. Boston: Birkhaeuser Publishing Ltd. [PDF]


Phan, K. L., Wager, T. D., Taylor, S. F. & Liberzon, I. (2002) Functional Neuroanatomy of Emotion: A Meta-Analysis of Emotion Activation Studies in PET and fMRI. NeuroImage. 16:331-348.  PMID: 12030820. [PDF]

Hernandez, L., Wager, T.D., & Jonides, J.  (2002). Introduction to Functional Brain Imaging.  In: John Wixted and Hal Pashler (Eds.), Stevens Handbook of Experimental Psychology, Third Edition, Volume 4:  Methodology in Experimental Psychology (pp. 175-221). New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc. . [PDF]

Jonides, J., Wager, T.D., & Badre, D.T. (2002) Neuroimaging Studies of Memory. In: Encyclopedia of the Human Brain. San Diego: Academic Press. [PDF]


Wager, T. D. (2001) Life after gifted education: A reflection on what ‘giftedness’ means. [PDF]


Miyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Emerson, M. J., Witzki, A. H., Howerter, A. & Wager, T. D. (2000) The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex “Frontal Lobe” tasks: a latent variable analysis. Cognitive Psychology. 41:49-100. PMID: 10945922. [PDF]