Distributing the Green (Cards):  Permanent Residency and Personal Income Taxes After the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (with Ethan Lewis).  Journal of Public Economics 172, 135-150, April 2019. [Ungated version, November 2018]

Public Investments in Child Care.  In The 51%:  Driving Growth through Women’s Economic Participation, eds. Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach and Ryan Nunn. Washington, D.C.:  The Hamilton Project, 123-142, October 2017.  [Featured in this Oct. 2019 Hamilton Project Strategy Paper.]

First in the Class?  Age and the Education Production Function (with Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach). Education Finance and Policy, 11(3), 225-250, Summer 2016. [Pre-publication version] [Coverage in The New Yorker]

The Effectiveness of Policies that Promote Labor Force Participation of Women with Children:  A Collection of National Studies (with Steven J. Haider and Helena Skyt Nielsen).  Labour Economics, 36: 64-71, October 2015. [IZA Discussion Paper 9297]

The Promises and Pitfalls of Universal Early EducationIZA World of Labor 2015: 116, January 2015.  [Coverage in The Guardian, Brookings]

Valuing the Vote: The Redistribution of Voting Rights and State Funds Following the Voting Rights Act of 1965 (with Ebonya Washington).  The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129(1), 376-433, February 2014. [Pre-publication version] [Online appendix] [Summary in The NBER Digest] [Coverage in The Atlantic, Vox]

The Impacts of Expanding Access to High-Quality Preschool Education (with Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach). Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Fall 2013, 127-178. [Online appendix]

Local Responses to Federal Grants: Evidence from the Introduction of Title I in the South (with Nora Gordon and Sarah Reber). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 5(3), 126-159, August 2013. [Pre-publication version] [Online appendix]

The K-12 Education Battle (with Sarah Reber). Chapter 3 in Legacies of the War on Poverty, eds. Martha Bailey and Sheldon Danziger, New York:  Russell Sage, 66-92, July 2013. [Coverage in The Atlantic]

The Poverty Gap in School Spending Following the Introduction of Title I (with Sarah Reber).  American Economic Review Papers & Proceedings, 103(3), 423-427, May 2013. [Pre-publication version]

Cracks in the Melting Pot: Immigration, School Choice, and Segregation (with Ethan Lewis). American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 4(3), 91-117, August 2012. [Pre-publication version] [Online appendix]

Is Being in School Better? The Impact of School on Children’s BMI When Starting Age is Endogenous (with Patricia Anderson, Kristin Butcher, and Diane Whitmore Schanzenbach). Journal of Health Economics, 30(5), 977-986, September 2011.

Paying for Progress: Conditional Grants and the Desegregation of Southern Schools (with Nora Gordon, Ethan Lewis, and Sarah Reber). The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 125(1), 445-482, February 2010. [Pre-publication version] [Online appendix]

Maternal Labor Supply and the Introduction of Kindergartens into American Public Schools. The Journal of Human Resources, 44(1), 140-170, Winter 2009. [Pre-publication version]

From Brown to Busing (with Nora Gordon, Ethan Lewis and Sarah Reber). Journal of Urban Economics, 64(2), 296-325, September 2008.

Education and the Age Profile of Literacy into Adulthood (with Damon Clark and Nora Gordon). Journal of Economic Perspectives, 22(3), 47-70, Summer 2008. [Summary in FRBSF Economic Letter 2008-22]

Schooling and the Armed Forces Qualifying Test: Evidence from School-Entry Laws (with Ethan Lewis). The Journal of Human Resources, 41(2), 294-318, Spring 2006. [Pre-publication version]