For years now public health officials have weighed the pros of e-cigarettes as a smoking cessation aid against the very real appeal they pose to a generation who likely wouldn’t have otherwise experimented with tobacco. Now we are seeing the evidence. According to the annual “Monitoring the Future” survey, the rise in nicotine vaping in 2018 was the largest spike for any substance recorded by the study in 44 years. Susanne Tanksi, associate director of the Koop Institute, explains that treatment for youth nicotine addiction is currently based on individual pediatricians’ judgement because the existing literature focuses on adult tobacco addictions, related diseases, and treatments. To address the enormous increase of tobacco use among youths, researchers will have to tailor future studies and medications to teenage vaping, and the long-term consequences that may follow. Read more here.